Individual chemosensitivity test for personalized therapy in cancer patients

Cancer Science & Therapy

ISSN: 1948-5956

Open Access

Individual chemosensitivity test for personalized therapy in cancer patients

International Conference & Exhibition on Cancer Science & Therapy

15-17 August 2011 Las Vegas, USA

Jianping Gong, Dong dong Yu and Jichao Qin

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Cancer Sci Ther

Abstract :

To avoid or minimize the side effects and improve the effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents in advanced gastric cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, we have developed an in vitro model to determine the response of the cells, which were dissociated from surgical tumor samples, to combination chemotherapeutic agents. In additional, a xenograft model was further applied to test the results from in vitro studies. If consistent results were obtained, we will explore whether the above experimental systems can finally be indicator(s) to achieve personalized chemotherapy for individual cancer patients. For the sake of simplicity, we refer to Individual Chemosensitivity Test (ICT) as both in vitro and in vivo experimental systems described above. The detailed protocol of ICT was described as the following. Fresh surgical tumor samples from individual patients were dissociated into single cells, and then some of the cells were cultured in vitro and treated with combined chemotherapeutic agents in two different chemotherapeutic regimens, i.e., Oxaliplatin and Irinotecan-based combination therapies, which are two often-used primary or neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapeutic regimens for gastric cancer and CRC patients. After incubated for 6-8 hours, the cells were harvested to examine the response to the combined chemotherapeutic agents by evaluating the percentage of apoptosis and proliferation. On the other hand, some of the cells from the fresh surgical tumor specimens were implanted in immunodeficient mice (i.e., nude mice), when the tumors became palpable, the same combined chemotherapeutic agents as in vitro studies were administered via tail vein injection. After about a month, the individual tumors were harvested and weighed. In in vivo experimental system, the response of the cells to the given agents was assessed by monitoring the tumor growth in nude mice upon administration of chemotherapeutic agents. Until now, 21 surgical specimens (9 Gastric cancer and 12 CRC specimens) were conducted for ICT, and encouragingly, the results in vitro were highly consistent with those from in vivo experimental system. In brief, we are taking the steps to apply ?right? chemotherapeutic regimens for individual cancer patients based on the results from ICT. Our ultimate goal is to attain personalized chemotherapy for individual cancer patients.

Biography :

Jianping Gong has earned his M.D and Ph.D degrees from Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in China, and received postdoctoral training from New York Medical College for more than 3 years. Currently, he is a distinguished professor and director of gastrointestinal surgery division in Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in China.

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