Increasing concentration of self-assembling peptides finely tunes properties of electrospun scaffolds and improves osteoblast cells adhesion

Journal of Tissue Science and Engineering

ISSN: 2157-7552

Open Access

Increasing concentration of self-assembling peptides finely tunes properties of electrospun scaffolds and improves osteoblast cells adhesion

4th International Conference on Tissue Science and Regenerative Medicine

July 27-29, 2015 Rome, Italy

Paola Brun

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Tissue Sci Eng

Abstract :

Hydrogels are water-swollen insoluble polymeric networks structurally similar to the extracellular matrix of many tissues. We previously reported that hydrogels tailored using particular physiological fibrils of Self-Assembling Peptides (SAPs)- (example EAK, RGD-EAK, EAbuK) specifically support adhesion and proliferation of osteoblast cells. However, since SAPs hydrogels are characterized by relatively modest moduli (up to 10 kPa), they are hardly applicable as scaffolds for the treatment of bony defects. In the effort to optimize the extracellular matrix mimetic biocompatibility and stiffness, in this study different SAPs at increasing concentrations were electrospun with poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL). By electron microscopy, FT-IR, XPS and contact angle measurements we found that the percentages of peptides embedded in the scaffolds directly correlates with the diameters of the electrospun fibers and the hydrophilicity of the matrix surfaces. Moreover the enrichment of PCL with SAPs at different concentrations resulted in different trends in tensile modulus, stress and strain. Biological assays reported that matrices characterized by increased hydrophilicity and proper fiber diameter promoted human osteoblast cells adhesion supported calcium deposition and increased osteoblast-related genes expression. Thus, 10% RGD-EAK motif induced expression of integrin-binding sialoprotein, osteonectin and runt-related transcription factor 2 mRNA specific transcript levels as determined by quantitative RT-PCR. In conclusion, increasing concentrations of SAPs modulated the physical properties of PCL scaffolds and in particular rectified the softness of SAPs hydrogels.

Biography :

Paola Brun is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padova. She obtained her PhD in 2005. Her scientific research activity covers a range of multidisciplinary topics mainly focused on cell biology, bioengineering and molecular medicine. She actively collaborates with the Departments of Industrial Engineering and Physics to find out innovative materials and techniques able to promote proliferation and differentiation of different cell populations. She has published 55 papers in peer-reviewed journals and she is an Editorial Board Member of seven scientific journals.

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