Human glia expresses cytoglobin after brain trauma

Journal of Trauma & Treatment

ISSN: 2167-1222

Open Access

Human glia expresses cytoglobin after brain trauma

3rd Annual Congress and Medicare Expo on Trauma and Critical Care

March 13-14, 2017 London, UK

Xiameng Chen, Yuan Liu, Haojie Qin, Haibiao Zhu, Yu Yang and Peng Guan

Sichuan University, China
Henan University of Science and Technology, China
China University of Political Science and Law, China

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Trauma Treat

Abstract :

A 190-amino acid protein-cytoglobin (Cygb) is a recently identified member of the vertebrate hemoglobin family. Cygb is an ancient and highly evolutionarily conserved protein. Like the other members of the hemoglobin family, functions of Cygb are mainly based on its oxygen binding ability. Cygb was previously demonstrated to be exclusively expressed by neurons of brain. However, a recent research reported the expression of Cygb in human GBM cells, hinting that glia cells may also express Cygb under certain pathological states. Therefore, to assess the cellular localization of human Cygb under physiological and pathological state, we performed immuno-staining to post-mortem brain specimens from people who died of traumatic brain injury and deceased without neuropathy, respectively. In uninjured human brains, the immuno-signal of Cygb was restricted in neurons but not glia cells whereas, in the chronic brain trauma group, expression of Cygb was also detected in astrocytes and microglia cells in the injury repairing area. Results of this present study offered the neuro-anatomical basis for further exploration of the neuroprotective role of Cygb and suggested Cygb to be a novel therapeutic target in various neurological disorders.

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Citations: 1048

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