Evidence of Neurovascular Un-Coupling in Mild Alzheimerand#39;s Disease through Multimodal EEG-fNIRS and Multivariate Analysis of Resting-State Data

Journal of Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery

ISSN: 2684-6012

Open Access

Evidence of Neurovascular Un-Coupling in Mild Alzheimer's Disease through Multimodal EEG-fNIRS and Multivariate Analysis of Resting-State Data

33rd Conference on Clinical Neuroscience and Neurogenetics

March 25, 2022 | Webinar

Pierpaolo Croce

Institute for Advanced Biomedical Technologies, Italy

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery

Abstract :

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is associated with modifications in cerebral blood perfusion and autoregulation. Hence, neurovascular coupling (NC) alteration could become a biomarker of the disease. NC might be assessed in clinical settings through multimodal electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Multimodal EEG-fNIRS was recorded at rest in an ambulatory setting to assess NC and to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the methodology to AD. Global NC was evaluated with a general linear model (GLM) framework by regressing whole-head EEG power envelopes in three frequency bands (theta, alpha and beta) with average fNIRS oxy-and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration changes in the frontal and prefrontal cortices. NC was lower in AD compared to healthy controls (HC) with significant differences in the linkage of theta and alpha bands with oxy-and deoxy-hemoglobin, respectively (p= 0.028 and p= 0.020). Importantly, standalone EEG and fNIRS metrics did not highlight differences between AD and HC. Furthermore, a multivariate data-driven analysis of NC between the three frequency bands and the two hemoglobin species delivered a crossvalidated classification performance of AD and HC with an Area Under the Curve, AUC= 0.905 (p= 2.17× 10− 5). The findings demonstrate that EEG-fNIRS may indeed represent a powerful ecological tool for clinical evaluation of NC and early identification of AD.

Biography :

Pierpaolo Croce has a back-ground in Engineering and Electrophysiological Data Analysis with specific emphasis on Electroencephalography (EEG), Functional Magnetic Resonance (fMRI) and Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) data analysis. In particular, his work is focused on evaluation of global connectivity metrics extracted from multimodal Electrophysiological measurements (EEG, fMRI, fNIRS) to be used as prognostic indices in neurological diseases such as Alzheimer disease or Stroke. Moreover, his activity is also focused on the evaluation of modifications of such indices obtained by trans-cranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). This aspect is strictly related to the use of connectivity indices as tools for the evaluation of the disease recovery.

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