Entrainment defects in steels

Journal of Steel Structures & Construction

ISSN: 2472-0437

Open Access

Entrainment defects in steels

3rd Euro Congress on Steel and Structural Engineering

November 16-17, 2017 | London, UK

John Campbell

University of Birmingham, UK

Keynote: J Steel Struct Constr

Abstract :

The entrainment of the oxide film on the surface of metals during melting and pouring leads necessarily to the incorporation of crack-like defects into the liquid, which are frozen in as crack-like defects in the solid. These are bifilms; doubled-over oxide films, often only a few nanometers thick, across which, between the ceramic oxide-to-ceramic oxide interface, there is no bonding. Although it seems a few steels are naturally free from such cast-in cracks, other constructional steels, including many stainless and bearing steels, are particularly damaged. The current fatigue failures of wind turbine bearings, and cracks in the steels of power plants and helicopter drive shafts are common examples. Ni-based alloys are usually even more susceptible to these defects, greatly affecting the process ability of Ni alloys and their final properties. Simple, low cost improvements to melting and casting process could revolutionize the strength and reliability of steels and Ni alloys, to the point that failure by cracking of an engineering structure would not be possible. It would be a revolution in metallurgy and engineering.

Biography :

John Campbell has spent most of his life in the casting industry. He set up the Cosworth Casting Process for Al alloy automotive blocks for racing engines in 1980, which is still the world’s fastest and soundest production technique. From 1989 to 2004, he was Professor of Casting Technology at Birmingham University, UK. He currently works with steel and investment foundries, including Castings Research International, UK. He is the author of a number of books on castings including “Complete Casting Handbook” which is not for the faint hearted, but otherwise recommended for those who want to get their castings right.

arrow_upward arrow_upward