Mediterranea University, Italy
Keynote: Adv Recycling Waste Manag
In Mediterranean countries the olive oil industry produces, yearly, a huge quantity of pollutant wastes in a short time
affecting soil and groundwater quality for their high content of phenols and wax. With the use of biological processes,
we can transform these wastes into fertilizers for a sustainable agriculture. We used different methods anaerobic digestion,
aerobic digestion, and crude agricultural waste management system to produce organic fertilizers. The obtained
compounds were chemically analysed to verify if their characteristics fell into the marketability limits permitted by the
current Italian regulation. Their effects on soil were subsequently assessed. Results evidenced that all the by-products
obtained were suitable as fertilizers. They were able to increase soil organic matter, microbial biomass, and nutrients with
beneficial effects on soil fertility, but at different extent. The best effects were in following order: compost, vermicompost,
olive-pomace-pads and digestate. Considering that the different methodologies dispose different amounts of olive
pomace (90% in composting, 70% in vermicomposting, 12% in anaerobic digestion and 5% in sulphur based fertilizer)
in different time (4 months for compost, 3 months for vermicomposting, 1 month for anaerobic digestion and 1 day for
sulphur-bentonite) and processing set-up, each method can be differently competitive for environment and/or agriculture.
Composting and vermicomposting have economic advantage over other alternatives and have the greatest fertilizer effect
even if the production time is longer than other two. Digestate use reduce the environmental impact of CO2 and CH4
emissions coming from the industrial fertilizer production process; it is rich in nutrients and can be obtained in a shorter
time than compost. Olive pads production represents a crude waste management systems that reduce greenhouse gas
emission in the atmosphere producing fertilizers able to generate, mainly in alkaline soils, a soluble zone of nutrients while
minimizing leaching losses to the environment.
1. Muscolo A., Papalia T., Settineri G., Romeo F., Mallamaci C. 2019. Three different methods for turning olive pomace in resource: Benefits of the end products for agricultural purpose. Science of the Total Environment, 662: 1-7.
2. Muscolo A., Papalia T. Settineri G. Mallamaci C. Jeske-Kaczanowska A. (2018). Are raw materials or composting conditions and time that most influence the maturity and/or quality of composts? Comparison of obtained composts on soil properties. Journal of Cleaner Production, 195: 93-101 https://doi.org/10.1016/j. jclepro.2018.05.204
3. Panuccio MR, Papalia T. Attina E. Giuffre A. Muscolo A. (2018). Use of digestate as an alternative to mineral fertilizer: effects on growth and crop quality, Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, DOI: 10.1080/03650340.2018.1520980
4. Muscolo A,* Mallamaci, C Settineri G, & Calamara G. Increasing Soil and Crop Productivity by Using Agricultural Wastes Pelletized with Elemental Sulfur and Bentonite in Agron. J. 109:1–11 (2017) doi:10.2134/ agronj2017.03.0143
5. Muscolo A*, Settineri G, Papalia T, Attina E, Basile C, Panuccio MR. Anaerobic co-digestion of recalcitrant agricultural wastes: Characterizing of biochemical parameters of digestate and its impacts on soil ecosystem. Science of the Total Environment (2017).
6. Panuccio MR, Attina E, Basile C, Mallamaci C & Muscolo A*. Use of Recalcitrant Agriculture Wastes to Produce Biogas and Feasible Biofertilizer Waste Biomass Valor
Muscolo Adele graduated in Biological Sciences (MSc), has completed her PhD in Food Science at the age of 26 years at the Policlinic Federico II University of Naples, Italy. In 1988 she started is professional carrier as researcher at “Mediterranea” University of Reggio Calabria where she is still working as Full Professor in soil chemistry and ecology. Since 1990 she is reviewer for International Scientific Journals and since 2008 she is evaluator of projects for European Community, International Funding Research Agencies and Italian and Foreign Research Ministries. She is examiner of international PhD dissertation. She has over 189 papers in international journals with IF. Citations: 2249; H index: 27. She has been serving as an editorial board member of many International Journals. She is Associate Editor for JFR.