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Advances in Recycling & Waste Management

ISSN: 2475-7675

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

    Industrial Waste

    Hahn Thomas

    Mechanical waste is a comprehensive term used to portray material viewed as presently not of utilization after an assembling cycle has been finished [1]. There are numerous areas of modern assembling that produce squander, including: Different kinds of industrial facilities • Mining • Textile plants • Food fabricating • Consumer merchandise • Industrial synthetic compounds • Printing and distributing

      Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

      Design and certification for the right approach in 2020

      Sameer Joshi

      Design for recycling and recycled content standards and certification are two elements that will be incorporated into circular activities as it moves forward. Kim Markel’s popsicle-colored recycled chair sand accessories stand out in into any room. The collection consists of chairs, side tables, wall and handheld mirrors, and vases made using reclaimed plastic pellets bonded together with resin. Markel says that the ratio of recycled material to resin is currently about 70%, and will increase it soon. “I’ve always made things, but I studied public policy, specifically relating to the environment, so I’m really interested in making things in the most responsible way” says Markel. “If I’m going to put new things into the world, I want them to be made of mostly reused material.” The plastics that make up the pellets come from a variety of sources from beverage bottles to lunch trays to eye glasses. The unique makeup of the pellet/resin mixture gives the finished pieces a perfectly imperfect, organic form.

      Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

      Agricultural Waste Management

      Alexander Sotnichenko Sotnichenko

      Farming squanders are abundance of agrarian creation that haven't been adequately used. Most waste administration approaches are strategies for grouping of waste, for instance, source partition, organic waste treatment, cremation, or land removal. Reusing, reprocessing, and usage of the losses during a positive way offers the possibility of restoring the abundance to advantageous use instead of the traditional techniques for garbage removal and movement. The keys to fruitful interaction of this nature are an advantageous use, a satisfactory market, and a prudent, albeit not really benefit making measure. Many such cycles would be palatable on the off chance that they made the final expenses of waste administration be not exactly different other options. Any extra strides in use should reimburse extra more grounded, handling and dispersion costs that are caused. A return more noteworthy than the extra expense of usage is alluring in this is diminishes the whole expense of waste administration yet such decrease might not up to motivate a general benefit for the make.

      Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

      Waste Water Management

      Ali Hassanpour

      While reusing may be a term commonly applied to aluminum jars, glass jugs, and papers, water will be reused too. Water reusing are reusing treated wastewater for valuable purposes, for instance, horticultural and scene water system, modern cycles, latrine flushing, and replenishing a water bowl (alluded to as spring water reenergize). Water is here and there reused and reused nearby; as an example, when a contemporary office reuses water utilized for cooling measures. A typical reasonably reused water are going to be water that has been reclaimed from civil wastewater, or sewage. The term water reusing is by and huge utilized synonymously with water recovery and water reuse. Through the regular water cycle, the world has reused plenty water for an extended period of your time. Water reusing, however, for the foremost part alludes to projects that utilization innovation to accelerate these regular cycles. Water reusing is usually portrayed as "spontaneous" or "arranged".

        Commentary Pages: 1 - 1

        Handling of Valourizing Waste

        David Thomas*

        Our industry continues to produce an increasing number of buildups that are now ineffective. The massive development of a waste age all over the world has quickly become one of the current economy's most pressing problems. Despite increased attention to ecological viewpoints, the clearance of noneconomically valuable buildups remains a big problem for a large chunk of the earth. Legislators and social orders continue to oppose the issue by emphasising the necessity to avoid the trash age. The work of the business is around reintroducing materials to the market. Mechanical reuse, on the other hand, necessitates cutting-edge handling innovations, and a high recovery rate isn't always feasible for local networks. The demand for simple and effective waste management strategies is growing at a breakneck pace. What procedures can be made to manage undesired deposits while still benefiting the environment and industry? The concept of waste valorization is coexisting with the developments in reusing and reuse. Valorization, or "upgrading the worth," is the process of converting deposits into items of greater value. The end result could include high-quality synthetic chemicals, materials, energizers, and energy, as well as a variety of other goods beneficial to the local economy.

          Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

          Household Bio Waste, Chicken Manure and Dog Stool Consumption of Various Fly Species

          Cem Turaman* and Osman Sert

          Bio-waste conversion is an important global environmental issue. Household bio-waste, poultry manure and dog stool constitute a considerable percentage of the produced bio-waste. Flies such as Hermetia illucens (L.) and Musca domestica (L.) are largely used in the conversion of household bio-waste and poultry manure. So far, no flies have been used in conversion of dog stool. In this study, effectiveness of conversion of such biowastes of different flies, namely Calliphora vicina, Lucilia sericata, Musca domestica, Fannia canicularis (L.), and Sarcophaga argyrostoma are investigated and contrasted against the reference fly, Hermetia illucens. In household bio-waste conversion, Hermetia illucens and Sarcophaga argyrostoma, and in dog stool conversion Hermetia illucens and Musca domestica have been found to be effective. Conversion of poultry manure mixed with cattle lung by four fly species has been found to be moderate.

            Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

            Quantification and Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste as a Measure Towards Effective Waste Management in Metu Town, South-West Ethiopia

            Yohannis Fetenea*, Biruk Gobena and Mohammed Birhan

            For effective planning and development of waste management systems for cities, proper quantification and characterization of the municipal solid waste are essential. The objective of this study was to determine the composition and generation rate of household, commercials and institutions solid waste in Metu town as a measure towards effective waste management. Total daily municipal solid waste generated from the town was estimated to be 35,649 kg, among it more than 83% of the waste generated from households, 16% from commercials area and the rest from institutions. The per capita daily solid waste generation for households was 0.378 ± 0.05 kg/cap/day, commercials area and institutions were found to be 0.024 ± 0.01 kg/floor area/day and 0.14 ± 0.05 kg/employee/day, respectively. The Physical characterization showed that biodegradable waste, plastic, paper and cardboard, textile, leather, rubber, wood scrap, sanitary product and metal waste were the constituents of all waste samples in the study area, but in varying proportions. The composition analysis of municipal solid waste showed that more than 50% by weight was biodegradable/organic waste which is valuable resource for recycling in the form of organic fertilizer. Whereas, 25% of waste generated from the town can be recycled at generation level. The calorific/energy value of municipal solid waste revealed that 3,305 kcal/kg for paper and cardboard waste, and 3,819.33 kcal/kg for wood scrap waste which revealed the suitability of the Metu town municipal solid waste as energy recovery option. From the result of this study it can be concluded that, higher biodegradable solid waste and good calorific value of the solid wastes generated in the town the town municipality can recover this waste by introducing an integrated urban agriculture that might convert this waste to organic fertilizer through composting and waste to energy conversion can be an attractive urban waste management option and source of energy as an alternative to fossil-based fuels.

            Review Article Pages: 1 - 5

            Role of the Community in Pollution Management in Mukuru Informal Settlement of Nairobi County, Kenya

            Lucas E Esekon*, Ferdinand Nabiswa and Edward Neyole

            Meaningful community participation is a challenging, but promising, feature of environmental protection in developing countries such as Kenya and most especially in pollution management. This study employed a descriptive research design. The target population of this study comprised of households’ heads and community leaders as key informants. The sample size of the household heads interviewed were ascertained through the use of Yamane’s formula which arrived at 352 household heads. Primary data was collected through questionnaires which were self- administered with assistance from the research assistants. The study used multiple regressions to establish the relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variables. The study established that there was a positive significant correlation between pollution management and responsible waste management as shown by a correlation figure of 0.715. The study also established that there was a positive correlation between pollution management and participatory planning with a correlation figure of 0. 621, and that there was also a positive correlation between pollution management and participatory budgeting with a correlation value of 0.681.

              Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

              Production And Characterization Of Biochar And Bio-oil From Poultry Manure

              M.M. Rahman*, S. Debnath, M.A. Hashem, M.A.K. Azad, M.S.H. Choudhury, Y.M. Awad and M.Z. Mahbub

              This study aimed to characterize the biochar and bio-oil produced through pyrolysis of broiler and layer litter. Pyrolysis is an alternative solution of animal waste treatment where biomass is converted into high value products such as biooil, syngas and biochar in an oxygen depleted condition at a high temperature. For this purpose, a reactor was designed for the pyrolysis of poultry litters (layer and broiler) at different operational conditions. Result showed that 38% and 35% biochar was produced from broiler and layer litter respectively at 600°C temperature. Bio-oil production was found 21% and 25% respectively from broiler and layer litter. An effective calorific value of broiler and layer liter bio-oil (9900 and 9,950 kcal/kg, respectively) was observed that can be utilized as bio-fuel. The density and viscosity of produced bio-oil from broiler and layer litter was same (1.008 and 0.91). FTIR value of layer litter biochar revealed that the hydroxyl, acid and alkaline groups were activated at 3400 cm-1 , 2800 cm-1 and 1500 cm-1 position. Layer litter biochar might be used as soil amendment and the bio-oil might be used as bio-fuel. It may be concluded that poultry manure is a good source of biochar and bio-oil that might be helpful to increase soil fertility and for the supplementation of bio-energy.

              Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

              Plastic Waste Reduction Through Standards

              Jim Park*

              Standards are one way to address the issues caused by plastic pollution. Standards can help to drive the transition to a circular economy for plastic resources by addressing quality and safety as well as information and measurement, reducing variety and increasing compatibility. The goal of this work was to categorise existing plastic standards within a circular economy framework, identify potential gaps, and highlight areas for future standards development. 95 plastic standards were identified using desktop research on existing standards, only 9 of which are Australian standards. The majority of the standards address recycling as well as compostable or biodegradable plastics. There are numerous opportunities to create standards for higher levels of the plastics waste hierarchy, such as design and reuse.

              Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

              Food Industry Reintegration By-Products

              Rui Wang*

              Numerous studies have shown that fruits and vegetables are important sources of bioactive compounds. The antioxidant activity of by-products derived from the food industry is comparable or higher. On the other hand, intensive industrialization produces a large volume of by-products, raising serious environmental concerns. As a result, this situation necessitates the development of new strategies to exploit the generated wastes, ensuring the ability to develop new high-added-value products. The purpose of this review is to summarise the utilisation of fruit wastes, specifically apple and citrus, as well as vegetable by-products derived from tomato, potato, and carrot cultivation.

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