C-reactive protein as an early marker of opportunistic infections in HIV

Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis

ISSN: 2161-0703

Open Access

C-reactive protein as an early marker of opportunistic infections in HIV

International Conference on Medical and Clinical Microbiology

July 03-04, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

Nagesh Wadgera and Kala Yadhav M L

Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, India

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Med Microb Diagn

Abstract :

Opportunistic infections account for the majority of death in untreated patients with AIDS. CRP is a highly sensitive marker of infection & inflammation and its level increase with infection. The present Study was undertaken among 100 HIV+ patients, at ART center Victoria Hospital Bangalore. With the informed consent of the patient, a generalized proforma was filled up consisting of patient├ó┬?┬?s clinical presentation and diagnosis. Their CRP level and CD4 count were measured. 56 HIV+ patients were asymptomatic and acted as control giving a negative test for CRP (<6mg/l), showing no base line rise in CRP. Patients with infectious diagnosis showed a positive test for CRP, while patients on treatment were negative. Among the infectious cases, bacterial infection showed high level of CRP (mean 32mg/l) compared to viral/fungal infection (mean 9mg/l). Combinations of opportunistic infections produced a high level of CRP (mean 45mg/l). A graph of CRP along x-axis and CD4 count along Y-axis were plotted which showed a negative correlation (r=-0.2324, p<0.01 and lzl=2.40). From the graph, the CRP level at which ART can be started is >92.413mg/l [taking <200 (cells/├?┬╝l) as the CD4 count at which ART is started]. Patients showing negative tsest for CRP need not be started with ART, as their CD4 count is found to be approximately 329 cells/├?┬╝l. CRP level in HIV patients has a prognostic significance and can be used as an early marker of Opportunistic infections.

Biography :


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