Comparison of physiological factors according to diarrhea severity of calves

Veterinary Science & Technology

ISSN: 2157-7579

Open Access

Comparison of physiological factors according to diarrhea severity of calves

3rd International Conference on Veterinary & Livestock

November 02-03, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

Jinhee Kang, S H Jung, J B Chae, S H Kim, A Cho, Y H Jung, C Y Choe, J G Yoo, D H Yu, K S Choi, H C Kim, B K Park, J S Chae and J Park

Chonbuk National University, South Korea
Seoul National University, South Korea
National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Kyungpook National University, South Korea
Kangwon National University, South Korea
Chonnam National University, South Korea

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Vet Sci Technol

Abstract :

Introduction & Aim: Changes in chemical composition of the blood and body fl uids can be observed if animals have a disease. In particular, newborn calves are susceptible to diseases and therefore hematologic tests and serum chemistry tests could become an important guideline to the diagnosis and the treatment of diseases. Calf diarrhea is a major disorder with high mortality. However, there have been no studies, on changes in physiological factors associated with calf diarrhea. Th e aim of this study is to suggest available physiological factors refl ecting severity of calf diarrhea. Materials & Methods: A study was conducted on 115 calves aged less than 2 months from 9 cattle farms in Korea. Calves were classifi ed by 4 groups based on the liquid condition of fecal samples obtained from calves; solid, semi-solid, loose and watery type. Blood physiological parameters were compared among the groups. Blood physiological parameters included white blood cell and red blood cell profi les using IDEXX PROCYTE DX. Also, IDEXX Catalyst One was used to perform serum test on blood urea nitrogen, glucose, sodium and phosphorus. Results: Neutrophils were 34.5% and 36.4% in solid while semi-solid state while 29.4% and 39.0% in loose and watery state. On the other hand, monocytes were 11.7% and 10.2% in solid and semi-solid state while 17.6% and 22.0% loose and watery state. Also, RBC, hemoglobin concentration and hematocrit were 10.7, 11.2 and 35.7% respectively in calves with solid fecal state, but it was 10.4% 10.1% and 31.7% in calves with semi-solid fecal state 9.9%, 10.3% and 31.3% in calves with loose fecal state and 9.5%, 10.8% and 33.7% in calves with watery fecal state. Calves with loose and watery fecal state showed increase in the blood urea nitrogen and decreased in glucose and sodium, phosphorus. Conclusion: Th e study reports that any infections yield more neutrophils and monocytes in calves with solid feces. Loose and watery diarrhea causes dehydration resulting in higher blood urea nitrogen, and intestinal fl uid loss resulting in decrease in glucose, sodium and phosphorus. Th e test will allow to monitor health status in diarrheic calves and the results could be useful information for appropriate fl uid therapy according to test result categories.

Biography :

Jinhee Kang is a Postgraduate student of Chonbuk National University, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine. She has participated in research related to healthcare and disease prevention of large animal.

Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 4472

Veterinary Science & Technology received 4472 citations as per Google Scholar report

Veterinary Science & Technology peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

arrow_upward arrow_upward