Breast cancer in an island in India: a retrospective cohort study

Cancer Science & Therapy

ISSN: 1948-5956

Open Access

Breast cancer in an island in India: a retrospective cohort study

Joint Event on Cancer Treatment & Breast Cancer and Biomarkers

March 20-21, 2019 Paris, France

Lena Charlette Stephen

Andaman and Nicobar Islands Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Cancer Sci Ther

Abstract :

Introduction & Aim: Breast cancer was the most common cancer in India among women. This study was conducted to describe the demographic, clinical, histopathological, and endocrinological and survival pattern of patients with breast cancers in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Methods: Andaman and Nicobar Islands (ANI) is an archipelago of 572 islands located about 1200 km away from mainland India. The study is a secondary data analysis of patients who attended the Medical Oncology Out-Patient Department (OPD) of GB Pant Hospital. Data was retrieved from the case sheets of patients who attended the OPD from 1st February 2015 to 31st January 2018.

Results & Discussion: During the study period, 85 patients of breast cancer were treated. Of the 82 female patients, the standardized incidence rates were 8.82, 13 and 14.42 per 100000 women. The prevalence and mortality rates in 2015, 2016, and 2017 were 14.88, 27.96, 40.37 and 1.1, 2.74, 0.55 per 100000 women respectively. The mean (SD) age at diagnosis was 51.19 (11.66) years. Histopathologically, the tumour size in 62% of the patients was less than 3.5 cm. Invasive ductal carcinoma was the most commonly occurring type (84%) and mostly of grade two (60.4%). Peri-vascular invasion was found in 65.5% and lymph nodes were positive for malignancy in 69.4% of patients. Breast cancers were slightly more in left side (54%). Most cancers were detected in early stage (43.5%) followed by locally advanced stage (36.5%). Metastasis was detected in 18.8% of patients. ER, PR status was available in 80% of patients and HER 2 in 75.29% of patients. ER and PR positivity was reported in 55.9% of patients. HER 2 was positive in 28.1% of patients and triple negativity was found in 27.3% of patients. The overall survival at 12 months, 24 months and 36 months follow up were 88.9%, 84.3% and 52.7% respectively. In bivariate analysis, the hazard ratios were significantly associated with stage at diagnosis and year of diagnosis.

Biography :



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