Biomedical applications of calcium phosphates ceramics

Journal of Tissue Science and Engineering

ISSN: 2157-7552

Open Access

Biomedical applications of calcium phosphates ceramics

Global Congress on Tissue Engineering, Regenerative & Precision Medicine

December 1-2, 2016 | San Antonio, USA

Soumia Belouafa

University of Casablanca, Morroco

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Tissue Sci Eng

Abstract :

The present conference provides brief information on calcium phosphate bioceramics and describes in details current state-of-the-art and recent developments on the subject, starting from synthesis and characterization to biomedical and clinical applications. Furthermore, future perspectives are too discussed.Among the recognized orthopedic and dental cares, calcium phosphates are most of the time used to restore damaged bones and in periodontics, due to the chemical similarity to human bones and teeth. Besides, the most of the synthetic calcium phosphates of high purity seem to be well tolerated by human tissues in vivo and have the excellent biocompatibility, osteoconductivity and bioresorbability.Usual biomedical applications of calcium phosphate bioceramics contain artificial replacements for teeth, knees, hips, tendons and ligaments, in addition to repair for maxillofacial reconstruction, augmentation and stabilization of the jawbone, spinal fusion, bone fillers after tumor surgery and periodontal diseases. Among others, biomimetically synthesized formulations in the presence of collagen, chitin, gelatin, and/or alginate appear to be the most promising candidates for clinical applications. In addition, preparation and application of nanodimensional calcium orthophosphates are the important topics in modern material science and such formulations have already been tested clinically for various purposes. The specific advantages of the use of calcium phosphate-based biocomposites in various applications are highlighted. Like the way from a laboratory of a hospital is a long one and the prospective biomedical candidates have to meet a lot requirements, the scientific challenges that need research and development are even considered. Moreover, other applications of calcium phosphate bioceramics are demonstrated in drug delivery systems and tissue engineering purposes because they are effective carriers of growth factors, bioactive peptides and various types of cells.

Biography :


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