Bacterial zoonotic diseases in Croatian wildlife

Veterinary Science & Technology

ISSN: 2157-7579

Open Access

Bacterial zoonotic diseases in Croatian wildlife

3rd International Veterinary Congress

August 18-20, 2016 London, UK

Alen Slavica

University of Zagreb, Croatia

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Vet Sci Technol

Abstract :

Monitoring and surveillance of emerging wildlife diseases are essential to tracking signals which display circulation of pathogens important for veterinary and public health. Wild animals can play different roles in zoonotic or shared diseases, such as primary reservoirs, mechanical vectors, accidental or ├ó┬?┬?spill-over├ó┬?┬Ł hosts. Concerning management of wildlife populations it is very important to know different parameters such as the geographical distribution, the population size, the population density and of course health status. In 2007 we started a research project aimed to detect selected zoonotic pathogens in wildlife in the Croatia and to determine factors that can affect its prevalence, such as type of habitat (natural vs. residential), host abundance and season appearances. Wildlife-related zoonoses are a diverse and complex issue that requires a close collaboration between forestry managers, wildlife ecologists, veterinarians and public health professionals. This work describes the epidemiological situation on major bacterial zoonoses of wildlife such as leptospirosis, brucellosis and mycobacteriosis. We described the current wildlife disease Monitoring and Surveillance Systems (MOSS) in Croatia, illustrated with flow charts per (group of) wildlife species (wild boar, wild carnivores, rodents, cervids, lagopmorphs, birds). Comparison of the Croatian wildlife MOSS with that at European levels (e.g., APHAEA) and those from countries close to the Croatia showed that overall most of the key animal species, as well as majority of the key pathogens are included in our program.

Biography :


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