Carolina Heitmann Mares Azevedo Ribeiro
University of Para, Brazil
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Med Microb Diagn
Aims: To identify the prevalence and the determinants of anemia as well as its correlation to enteroparasitosis in a population of Riverside children living at two communities at the Northeast region of Para, Brazil. Population based cross-sectional and epidemiological study. Settings: The study is carried at Pharmacy College of Federal University of Para and Lights in the Amazon program between May 2013 and June 2015. Method: The biological material for the blood screening was obtained through venal aspiration in a tube containing EDTA and anticoagulant. Any samples with hemoglobin concentrations lower than 11 g/dL to individuals between 6 and 60 months and lower than 11.5 g/dL to individuals older than 60 months were considered anemia. To determinate the presence and type of enteroparasitosis, feces samples were subjected to the qualitative method of Lutz or Hoffman Pons and Janer. The correlation between anemia and its determinants was analyzed using PRISMA 5.0. Results: Out of 98 children, 16 (16.32%) were anemic, out of which 14 (87.5%) were infected by parasites, 3 of them by one type and 11 by two or more different parasites. The non-anemic and infected by at least one parasite ones were 47 (47.96%). Regarding the incidence of parasites, Trichuris trichiura (67%), followed by Ascaris lumbricoides (26%), were the most prevalent. The multiple logistic regressions between anemia and infection by one or multiple parasites showed significance for multiple-parasite infections (P=0.05). The association between anemia and infection by parasites, measured by the Odds Ratio test among the four groups was statistically significant (OR: 5.21; IC 95%: 1.11-24.43; P=0.05).
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