Advanced non small cell lung cancer at the National Cancer Institute in Egypt: A descreptive analysis

Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

ISSN: 2161-105X

Open Access

Advanced non small cell lung cancer at the National Cancer Institute in Egypt: A descreptive analysis

2nd International Conference on Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine

October 17-18, 2016 Chicago, USA

Hala Aziz Shokralla and Mohamed Rahouma

National Cancer Institute, Egypt

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Pulm Respir Med

Abstract :

Background: Worldwide, lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and causes more deaths than any other cancer. In Egypt, it accounts for 7% of male cancer and 3% in females. It is considered to be 3rd most common cancer in Egyptian males and 6th most common of both sexes. Materials & Methods: A total of 99 advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients who underwent first line platinum containing chemotherapy in our institute were included in this study. All clinical and pathological data were collected from patient├ó┬?┬?s files retrospectively between 2012-2014. Results: All 99 cases were diagnosed at late stage IIIB-IV (59 cases were IIIB). The median age was 54 years (range; 30-70) with 53% of cases are ├ó┬?┬ą 54 years. 71% were males with male: female ratio of 2.4:1. All male patients were chronic smokers. The most frequent symptom was coughing (68%). Most of the patients had primary lung cancer in the right lung (77%). The most common histological subtype was squamous cell carcinoma (35.4%) with 54 cases present with PS-I, the remain was PS-II. All cases received platinum containing chemotherapy. The majority of cases experienced a progressive disease 60.6%. The median progression free survival (PFS) was 6 months and median overall survival (OS ) was 18 months. We found that PS, disease stage, pathological subtypes and response to treatment statistically affects both median OS and PFS. Age affects only OS. Conclusions: Our analysis suggests that some of the clinico-pathological factors and response to first line platinum containing regimens affect both OS and PFS of advanced NSCLC. This may be beneficial as prognostic markers and further studies were needed to aid in identification and treatment of these patients.

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