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The Influence of Physiotherapy on Paralysis Patients
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Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation

ISSN: 2573-0312

Open Access

2021 Conference Announcement - (2024) Volume 9, Issue 7

The Influence of Physiotherapy on Paralysis Patients

Mario Vargas*
*Correspondence: Mario Vargas, Department of Human Movement Sciences, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Butanta, Brazil, Email:
Department of Human Movement Sciences, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Butanta, Brazil

Received: 26-Sep-2022, Manuscript No. jbbs-23-87910; Editor assigned: 28-Sep-2022, Pre QC No. P-87910; Reviewed: 12-Oct-2022, QC No. Q-87910; Revised: 18-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. R-87910; Published: 26-Oct-2022 , DOI: 10.37421/2573-0312.2023.08.330 , QI Number: 1
Citation: Imbalzano, Marco. â??Making Use of Machine Learning Algorithms for Multimodal Equipment to Assist in COVID-19's Assessment.â? J Bioengineer & Biomedical Sci 12 (2022): 325.
Copyright: © 2022 Imbalzano M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Sources of funding : 1

Abstract

1

Keywords

Paralysis • Monoplegia • Medications • Electrical stimulation

Introduction

Treatment for paralysis depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. It may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, assistive devices such as wheelchairs or braces, medications and in some cases, surgical interventions. Rehabilitation and ongoing care play a crucial role in helping individuals with paralysis manage their condition, regain independence and improve their quality of life. In addition to the physical impact, paralysis can also have emotional, psychological and social effects on individuals and their families. Coping with the challenges of paralysis may require support from healthcare professionals, caregivers and community resources to address physical, emotional and social needs. Overall, paralysis is a complex medical condition that can have a significant impact on a person's life. It requires a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary approach to address the physical, emotional and social aspects of the condition and support individuals in managing their condition and maximizing their well-being [1].

Literature Review

Range of motion exercises involve moving the joints and muscles passively or actively to maintain or improve their flexibility. This can help prevent joint stiffness and contractures, which are common complications of paralysis. Range of motion exercises can be done with the assistance of a physiotherapist or independently by the patient or their caregiver. Strengthening exercises focus on building muscle strength in the unaffected muscles or muscles that still have some residual function. This can help compensate for the loss of muscle function in paralyzed muscles and improve overall mobility and function. Mobility training aims to improve an individual's ability to move and perform daily activities such as sitting, standing, walking and transferring. This may involve using assistive devices such as crutches, walkers, or wheelchairs, as well as learning proper techniques for safe and efficient movement. Electrical stimulation involves the use of electrical currents to stimulate the muscles and nerves. This can help improve muscle strength, increase blood flow and promote nerve regeneration [1].

There are different types of electrical stimulation, such as functional electrical stimulation (FES), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), which may be used depending on the individual's condition and goals. Balance and coordination training: Paralysis can affect balance and coordination, leading to difficulties in maintaining stability and performing coordinated movements. Physiotherapists can provide exercises and activities to improve balance, coordination and proprioception (awareness of body position in space) to enhance mobility and reduce the risk of falls. The goal of mobility training is to make it easier for a person to move around and do things like sit, stand, walk and transfer on a daily basis. Utilizing assistive devices like walkers, wheelchairs, or crutches and learning proper movement techniques may be necessary. The use of electrical currents to stimulate the muscles and nerves is known as electrical stimulation. Strengthening muscles, expanding blood flow and promoting nerve regeneration are all potential outcomes of this [2].

Discussion

Electrical stimulation can be used for a variety of conditions and goals, including functional electrical stimulation transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and neuromuscular electrical stimulation Training in balance and coordination: Balance and coordination can be affected by paralysis, making it hard to stay stable and move in a coordinated way. Physiotherapists can provide exercises and activities to improve balance, coordination and proprioception the awareness of one's body position in space in order to increase mobility and lessen the likelihood of falling. Aquatic therapy involves performing exercises and activities in a pool or aquatic environment. The buoyancy of water can reduce the impact on joints, provide resistance for strengthening and facilitate movement for individuals with paralysis. Aquatic therapy can be particularly beneficial for those with limited weight-bearing ability or severe muscle weakness. Functional training focuses on improving the ability to perform functional activities that are relevant to the individual's daily life, such as dressing, bathing, or eating. This may involve practicing specific tasks and developing strategies to adapt to the challenges of paralysis [3-6].

Conclusion

It's important to note that physiotherapy treatment plans are individualized and may vary depending on the type and severity of paralysis, overall health status and individual goals. A qualified physiotherapist will assess the individual's condition and design a tailored treatment plan to address their specific needs and maximize their functional abilities.

Acknowledgement

None.

Conflict of Interest

None.

References

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