Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation

ISSN: 2573-0312

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 10

    physical activity and its associated factors among hypertensive patients in the university of Gondar comprehensive specialized hospital, Gondar, northwest Ethiopia, institutional based cross-sectional study

    Molla Fentanew*, Gashaw Jember Belay, Misganaw Belay, Melese Gobezie, Gebremariam Bekele, Kefale Getie, Kassaw Belay Shiferaw and Mihret Dejen Takele

    DOI: 10.37421/2573-0312.2023.8.336

    Background: Accurate evaluation of inadequacy of physical activity for hypertensive patients is important to determine patients’ health outcomes and intervention measures. Information about physical inactivity among patients with hypertension in Ethiopia is not well known. Therefore; this study was aimed to assess the inadequacy of physical activity and its associated factors among hypertensive patients.

    Methods: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 11 to June 12, 2021 among 423 selected adult hypertensive patients attending at the university of Gondar comprehensive specialized hospital. Face to face interview was conducted using a structured questionnaire by trained data collectors. Participants were selected through a systematic random sampling technique. Physical activity was assessed by Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Data were analyzed by using SPSS version-20 statistical software. Both bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was computed and in the multivariable logistic regression analysis model Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI) and p-value less than 0.05 were used to identify the associated factors with physical activities.

    Results: Our study showed that 80.9% (95% CI; 76.8-84.5) had adequate physical activity, being old age (AOR: 10.289, 95% CI (3.208-33.006), low or poor self-efficacy (AOR: 10.339, 95% CI (4.894-21.838), poor self-rated health (AOR: 5.905, 95% CI (1.725-20.128), and lack of adequate facilities (AOR: 4.074, 95% CI (1.719-9.658) were significantly associated with inadequate physical activity.

    Conclusion: Our study found that majority of the hypertensive patients had adequate physical activity. Being old age, poor self-efficacy, lack of adequate facilities, and poor self-rated health were associated factors for inadequate physical activity.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

      Manual Therapy on Plantar Fascia Affects Superficial Back Line Flexibility: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study

      Neetu Rani Dhiman*, Vyom Gyanpuri and Venkatesh Mishra

      DOI: 10.37421/2573-0312.2022.7.266

      Background and Aim: Myofascial Release (MFR) is a soft tissue mobilisation technique that has been widely researched and supported to increase muscular flexibility and joint range of motion along Superficial Back Line (SBL) structures. The purpose of the present study is to examine and compare the acute effects of MFR and post-isometric relaxation (PIR) applied on plantar fascia, on flexibility of superficial back line (hamstring muscle).

      Design: This was a pilot single blind Randomized Control Trial (RCT).

      Participants: Thirty young healthy students (24 boys and 6 girls; mean age 21.46 ± 0.97)

      Methods: Inclusion and exclusion criteria were followed, and baseline measurements for the Toe-Touch Test (TTT) and active Straight Leg Raise Test (SLRT) were obtained. Subjects were then ran-domly assigned to the MFR group and the PIR group. The MFR group received the technique on plantar surface of the feet by applying a gentle and sustained pressure into the myofascial connective tissue. The PIR group received the technique on plantar flexors by placing them in stretched position, performing isometric contraction followed by relaxation and lengthening. Both interventions will be performed for 10 minutes. Afterwards, the Toe Touch Test and straight leg raise test were re-assessed.

      Results: Before and after intervention SLRT (both right and left) and TTT difference (within group differences) is statistically significant (p<0.05) in both MFR and PIR group. Between-group com-parison also shows significant difference in both groups with p<0.05. The MFR group showed a significant difference in the SLR test and Toe Touch test compared to the PIR group (p<0.05).

      Conclusion: The results of the current study showed that MFR on the planter fascia was immediate-ly effective for improving flexibility of the SBL for the hamstring muscle.

      Trial registration: CTRI/2021/08/035518

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