Background: Accurate evaluation of inadequacy of physical activity for hypertensive patients is important to determine patients’ health outcomes and intervention measures. Information about physical inactivity among patients with hypertension in Ethiopia is not well known. Therefore; this study was aimed to assess the inadequacy of physical activity and its associated factors among hypertensive patients.
Methods: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 11 to June 12, 2021 among 423 selected adult hypertensive patients attending at the university of Gondar comprehensive specialized hospital. Face to face interview was conducted using a structured questionnaire by trained data collectors. Participants were selected through a systematic random sampling technique. Physical activity was assessed by Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Data were analyzed by using SPSS version-20 statistical software. Both bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was computed and in the multivariable logistic regression analysis model Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI) and p-value less than 0.05 were used to identify the associated factors with physical activities.
Results: Our study showed that 80.9% (95% CI; 76.8-84.5) had adequate physical activity, being old age (AOR: 10.289, 95% CI (3.208-33.006), low or poor self-efficacy (AOR: 10.339, 95% CI (4.894-21.838), poor self-rated health (AOR: 5.905, 95% CI (1.725-20.128), and lack of adequate facilities (AOR: 4.074, 95% CI (1.719-9.658) were significantly associated with inadequate physical activity.
Conclusion: Our study found that majority of the hypertensive patients had adequate physical activity. Being old age, poor self-efficacy, lack of adequate facilities, and poor self-rated health were associated factors for inadequate physical activity.