Mini Review - (2022) Volume 9, Issue 8
Received: 01-Aug-2022, Manuscript No. jreac-22-77376;
Editor assigned: 03-Aug-2022, Pre QC No. P-77376;
Reviewed: 17-Aug-2022, QC No. Q-77376;
Revised: 23-Aug-2022, Manuscript No. R-77376;
, DOI: 10.37421/2380-2391.2022.09.383
Citation: Nelson, William Maher. “Ocean Acidulate's Collision on Specific Coral Reef Ecological Community in the Pacific Basin.” J Environ Anal Chem 9 (2022): 383.
Copyright: © 2022 Nelson WM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The environmental threat posed by oceanic plastic waste, which puts many marine species in peril, is expanding on a global scale. Pinnipeds are extremely prone to becoming entangled, particularly in lost, abandoned, or discarded fishing gear and packaging straps. With the goal of identifying areas of concern and mitigation focus, we explored three international databases to generate a thorough analysis of all recorded pinniped entanglements during the previous 40 years. The majority of entanglement records that have been reported are from North America and Oceania and are concentrated on a small number of widely distributed species (notably, Zalophus californianus and Arctocephalus gazella).
Abandoned • Entanglement • Oceania • Global scale
Coral reefs are found in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world and perform a variety of ecosystem services. Coral reefs are the most biologically diverse ecosystems and directly support over 500 million people globally, but they are also among the most in danger due to the unprecedented effects of climate change and ocean acidification, as well as mounting local pressures . On coral reef ecosystems, the effects of climate change, ocean acidification, and coastal development range from regional to quite local. Determining how coral reef ecosystems in the Pacific Basin experience and adapt to the effects of climate change and ocean acidification is the focus of the current study.
Because of their abundant natural resources and ecological importance, coastal habitats play a crucial role in preserving the ecological balance. According to Feely RA, et al.  China's mainland coastline spans 19,048 km and is home to a variety of marine habitats, such as estuaries, seagrass beds, mangroves, coral reefs, tidal flats, shelves, and salt marshes. The alarming rate of coastal urbanisation in China (e.g., 70% for the Provinces of Tianjin, Jiangsu, Liaoning, and Shanghai) has resulted in a number of ecological issues. Despite the fact that man-made coastlines are often constructed to safeguard the surrounding area from storm surges and natural disasters, they harm biodiversity and natural habitats .
The Ryukyu Archipelago in Japan stretches from 24°N to 31°N and is made up of a number of island groups, the majority of which are fringing reefs (Okinawa Islands, Daito Islands, Osumi Islands, Yaeyama Archipelago, Miyako Archipelago, Amami Archipelago, and Tokara Archipelago). The Ryukyu Archipelago is distinguished by its great coral species richness despite being situated at higher latitude than the other case studies in this paper .
More than 20,000 islands make up the Pacific Basin, which spans wide latitudinal and longitudinal gradients, has tropical and subtropical climates, and supports a great amount of biodiversity and cultural diversity. Finding consistent solutions to ocean acidification across all sites will be difficult because these islands are varied in their governmental setups, degrees of development, and population densities. The socioeconomic and ecological diversity also provides a chance to try local solutions .
While the coral reef ecosystems in the Pacific Basin discussed in this study are all subject to the same threats and stresses, their varying reef types, regional socioeconomic conditions, and governance frameworks lead to very diverse degrees of vulnerability. Local pollution, overfishing, habitat degradation, overcrowding, and effects of climate change, such as ocean warming and ocean acidification, are some of the major risks. The tourism and fishing businesses will be most impacted by socioeconomic effects of declining coral reef health, but indirect effects also include infrastructural damage from increased erosion.
There are no conflicts of interest by author.