Psychobehavioral Characteristics Of Overweight And Obese Children | Open Access Journals

Abnormal and Behavioural Psychology

ISSN: 2472-0496

Open Access

Psychobehavioral Characteristics Of Overweight And Obese Children

The relationship of Physical Activity Self-Efficacy (PASE) to psycho-behavioural characteristics of overweight and obese African American children from an inner city area has been understudied, making it difficult to know whether effective interventions should include a broad or more focused approach. The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has reached epidemic levels in developed countries and this is of substantial clinical and public health concern. Physical activity is a key component of the expenditure aspect of energy balance, providing a major avenue for caloric consumption. Regular physical activity has favorable effects on weight maintenance and/or loss, improved psychological wellbeing, and cardiovascular fitness in adolescents. According to social cognitive theory, self-efficacy has a central influence on exercise behaviour. Volitional behaviours are dependent on opportunity as well as on the inner psychological state of the person. Psychobehavioral characteristics are known to cluster within children such that clinical indicators (behavioral symptoms, externalizing problems, internalizing problems, etc.) and adaptive scores (activities of daily living, adaptability, social skills etc.) are negatively correlated. 

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