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Kidney Dysplasia | Open Access Journals
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Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

ISSN: 2161-0959

Open Access

Kidney Dysplasia

Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which, when in the womb, the internal structures of one or both of the kidneys of a fetus do not usual grow. Two thin muscle tubes named ureters expand into the kidneys during normal development and branch out to form a network of tiny structures called tubules. As the fetus develops in the womb the tubules accumulate urine. In kidney dysplasia, the tubules do not fully branch out. There is nowhere to go on urine that would normally flow through the tubules. Urine collects within the affected kidney and forms cysts that are called fluid-filled sacs. The cysts replace normal kidney tissue, and prevent functioning of the kidney. Genetic factors may cause dysplasia in the kidneys. Genes pass information to the child from both parents, and determine the characteristics of the child. Parents can often transfer a gene that has modified, or mutated, causing dysplasia in the kidney. Genetic syndromes which affect multiple systems of the body may also cause kidney dysplasia. A syndrome is a group of symptoms or conditions that may appear unrelated yet are believed to have the same genetic cause. A baby with a genetic syndrome due to kidney dysplasia may also have problems with the digestive tract, nervous system, heart and blood vessels, muscles and skeletons, or other parts of the urinary tract

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