Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

ISSN: 2952-8100

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Editorial Pages: 0 - 2

    Osteopathic Medicine: Kinematic Consistency in the Knee Manipulation Learning

    Hasmik Zanginyan*

    Osteopathic Medicine has been discussing the focal point of the subsequent different problem. Many thoughts have been put ahead which include subjects such as bio psychosocial osteopathic practice, mechanisms underpinning osteopathy and methods of osteopathic care.

    Editorial Pages: 0 - 1

    Behavioural Therpy and Medication for Drug Addiction

    Fadoua Berdi*

    Drug dependence is a type of chronic infection characterized by obsessive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and using harmful imports that leads to changes in the brain, which can be long-lasting. These variations in the brain can lead to the psychological behavior mainly seen in people who use drugs. Drug addiction is also a deteriorating disease. Deterioration is the readdiction to drug use after an attempt to stop. The way to drug dependence initiates with the intentional action of taking drugs. But over period, a person's ability to choose drugs turn out to be conceded. Pursuing and taking the drug turn out to be habitual and uncontrollable.

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 2

      Manufacture of Methamphetamine and its types of side-effect

      Chitranshu Pandey

      Methamphetamine is an important, largely addicting goad that affects the central nervous system. It takes the form of white, odorless, bitter- tasting crystalline greasepaint that fluently dissolves in water or alcohol. It was developed early in the 20th century from its parent medicine, amphetamine, and was used firstly in nasal decongestants and bronchial inhalers. Like amphetamine, methamphetamine causes increased exertion and talkativeness, dropped appetite, and an agreeable sense of well-being or unconsciousness. Still, methamphetamine differs from amphetamine in that, at similar boluses, much lesser quantities of the medicine get into the brain, making it a more effective inducement. It also has longer- lasting and further dangerous properties on the central nervous system. These characteristics make it a medicine with high eventuality for wide abuse. Methamphetamine product is also an environmental concern; it involves numerous fluently attained chemicals that are dangerous, similar as acetone, anhydrous ammonia (toxin), ether, red phosphorus, and lithium. Toxin from these chemicals can remain in the terrain around a methamphetamine product, causing a wide range of dangerous to health. The patient was diagnosed as septic shock, paralytic ileus, gangrenous cholecystitis, and small intestinal ischemia due to METH abuse based on Computed Tomography (CT) scan, endoscopy examination, laparotomy, and pathology. 

        Commentary Pages: 1 - 1

        Clinical Usage of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration

        Xiang-Hai ai

        Nowadays, the is used in antimicrobial susceptibility testing. The is reported by providing the susceptibility interpretation next to each antibiotic. The different susceptibility interpretations are: S Sensitive, I Intermediate, and These interpretations were created and implemented by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. In clinics, more often than not, exact pathogens cannot be easily determined by symptoms of the patient. Then, even if the pathogen is determined, different serotypes of pathogens, such as Staphylococcus aureus, have varying levels of resistance to antimicrobials.

        Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

        Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling

        Lesli E. Deker

        Physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling is a mathematical modeling technique for predicting the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of synthetic or natural chemical substances in humans and other animal species. PBPK modeling is used in pharmaceutical research and drug development, and in health risk assessment for cosmetics or general chemicals. PBPK models strive to be mechanistic by mathematically transcribing anatomical, physiological, physical, and chemical descriptions of the phenomena involved in the complex ADME processes.

          Editorial Note Pages: 1 - 1

          Stability Research on Drug

          Stephen T.Arbedon

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          Scientific Components of Pharmaceutical Development

          Li-Pin Kao

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            Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

            Treatment of Polyphenol

            Li-Pin Kao*

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              Commentary Pages: 1 - 2

              Introduction Virulence Factor Commentary

              Stephen T Arbedon

              Some are chromosomally encoded and natural for the microbes for example cases and endotoxin, though others are gotten from versatile hereditary components like plasmids and bacteriophages for example a few exotoxins. Destructiveness factors encoded on versatile hereditary components spread through flat quality exchange, and can change over innocuous microscopic organisms into perilous microbes. Microorganisms like Escherichia coli O157:H7 acquire most of their harmfulness from portable hereditary components. Gram-negative microbes discharge an assortment of destructiveness factors at have microorganism interface, through layer vesicle dealing as bacterial external film vesicles for intrusion, sustenance and other cell-cell interchanges.

              Commentary Pages: 1 - 2

              Pharmacognosy : significance

              Shash Zhao

              “Pharmacognosy” obtains from two Greek words, “pharmakon” or drug, and “gnosis” or knowledge. Like countless complementing branchs of science, Pharmacognosy has undergone crucial change in recent years and today acts for a highly interdisciplinary science that is one of five major regions of pharmaceutical education. Humans make medicine from plants and other organisms for 100 years, hence pharmacognosy being routinely considered the oldest brand of pharmacy. There is 5000-year-old proof of medicine production on Sumerian clay from Nagpur, and throughout 12 old medicinal recipes have been found with plant ingredients such as poppy and mandrake, which is a Mediterranean plant in the nightshade family.

                Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

                Isolation and Molecular Characterization Of Aspergillus fumigatus From Hunting Dogs With Special Emphasis To Age And Gender As A Risk Factors In Diyala Province Ô??Iraq

                Ali Ibrahim Ali Al-Ezzy , Sarah Jasim Abdulameer

                Aim: The current study aims to isolation and molecular characterization of A. fumigatus from hunting dogs and evaluation of relationship between A. fumigatus infection and possible risk factors mainly age and gender Methods: Ninety nine swabs from mouth, nose and ear of hunting dogs with respiratory signs were cultured on Sabouraud Dextrose Agar. A. fumigatus was identified according to morphology and PCR technique Results: A.fumigatus was isolated frequently from mouth of hunting dogs at the age group (5.4 -6.2) years followed by (0.6-1.5) years and (2.5-3.3)years,(6.06%) . A.fumigatus was isolated equally from nose of hunting dogs at the age group (0.6-1.5)years ,(1.6-2.4 ) years , ( 2.5-3.3 )years,( 4.3-5.3) years and (5.4-6.2) years, (3.03%). A.fumigatus was isolated frequently from ear of hunting dogs at the age group (5.4-6.2)years;(9.09%). No significant difference was reported between age groups of hunting dogs infected with A.fumigatus . Significant correlation was reported between older age group of hunting dogs and A.fumigatus infection for ear. Current study revealed that (63.64%) of hunting dogs were males while female represent (36.36%).Both genders were equally infected with A.fumigatus isolated from mouth and nose, (15.15%) and (6.06%) respectively .Females were infected more than males with A.fumigatus isolated from ear,(6.06%) Neither significant difference nor correlation were reported between genders of hunting dogs infected with A.fumigatus. Males appear to be at risk of getting A.fumigatus infection at( 2.286) time than females. Conclusions: A. fumigatus infection represent serious problem for hunting dogs . Mouth, nose and ear respectively exposed.

                  Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

                  Bipolar disorders-Recent advances in the fields of nosology, epidemiology, and molecular genetics

                  Yia Liu*

                  Bipolar diseases are serious, intellectual, chronic psychiatric diseases characterized by intermingling haps of mania or hypomania and depression, or composites of manic and
                  depressive features. The weekly frequence of bipolar diseases ranges from 3 to 10 cases per population, and the life frequency is estimated to be 3 to7.2 million. Bipolar Disease (BD), also known as manic-depressive illness, is a serious illness that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, exercise ranks, and the incompetence to carry out day-moment tasks. Treatment of BD generally begins with the idea of bringing a case with mania or depression to distinct recovery and stable mood. Once the existent is stable, the idea progresses to reducing subthreshold  symptoms of mania and depression. Medicinal treatments have several purposes. Some medicinals aims to reduce symptoms
                  associated with acute manic or mixed mania/ depression happenings, some idea to reduce acute depression symptoms, and others aim to reduce acute symptoms, maintain like symptom-free days, and forestall relapsing to acute happenings. Given the confirmed, relapsing/ remitting course of bipolar complication and the need for conserving treatment in multifold cases, medicinals begun for an acute mood hap (including mania) are hourly carried forward into conserving curative.

                  Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

                  Editorial Note on Cancer Signs

                  Kiran Shillewar*

                  Cancer is the intemperate growth of abnormal cells anywhere in the body. These abnormal cells are baptized cancer cells, bitchy cells, or excrescence cells. These cells can insinuate normal body. Beaucoup cancers and the abnormal cells that compose the cancer are further associated by the name of that the abnormal cells appeared from (for case, blood cancer, lung cancer, and colorectal cancer). When damaged or unrepaired cells don't die and come cancer cells and show intemperate division and growth-a mass of cancer cells develop. Much, cancer cells can break out from this original mass of cells, travel through the blood and lymph systems, and lodge in other organs where they can again repeat the intemperate growth cycle. This process of cancer cells leaving an area and growing in another body area is baptized metastatic spread or metastasis. For case, if blood cancer cells spread to a bone, it means that the commodity has metastatic blood cancer to bone.What are risk factors and causes of cancer?

                  Perspective Pages: 1 - 1

                  A broad-spectrum of Posaconazole against Fungal Infections

                  Tosin Adetobi*

                  Posaconazole is a pinch- generation triazole agent with a potent and broad antifungal in vitro exercise against a range of different Candida species, Aspergillus species, Cryptococcus neoformans, the zygomycetes, and other filamentous fungi. Rfungal pathogens, including Aspergillusspp. and Candida spp. It's structurally related to itraconazole and inhibits lanosterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51), blocking the compound of ergosterol behaving in disabled cell membrane stability and accumulation of precursors leading to fungistatic or fungicidal paraphernalia. Posaconazole (Noxafil, Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use as prophylaxis against invasive Aspergillus and Candida infections in immunocompromised case. Posaconazole differs in structure from the compact triazoles fluconazole and voriconazole in part by virtue of its extended side chain, a affection held in common with itraconazole.

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