Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medicine

ISSN: 2576-1420

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

    Effect of Yoga on Depression among Alcoholics in Nainital

    Travis Fuller

    The highest consumption levels are recorded in Pondicherry, Chandigarh, Goa and Delhi in that order. Since all of these have lower taxes on alcohol than other states, their consumption numbers are almost certainly boosted by people from across the border buying cheap liquor. In the case of Pondicherry and Goa, the high volume of tourist relative to the local population could also be contributing to the high consumption.

      Perspective Pages: 1 - 3

      Antibody Fragment VH ab6: Universal Neutralizer for SARSCoV- 2 Variants

      Mujahed I. Mustafa* and Abdelrafie M. Makhawi

      DOI: 10.37421/2576-1420.2023.8.274

      The recent COVID-19 outbreak demonstrated how ineffectively may face newly emerging viruses. Antiviral drugs are the most effective way to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. However, their rapidly declining immunity and a large population of unvaccinated people will provide a recombinant ground for the virus's spread and the era of novel variants, posing a continuous threat of infection for vulnerable groups with inadequate immune responses. In order to treat infected people, effective treatments must be developed. In this short note, discuss a breakthrough in engineered antibody fragment that could be neutralized the shield against the battle of the continuous waves of SARS-CoV-2 variants as well as future other viral infections.

        Research Pages: 1 - 7

        A Multi-modal Infection Prevention and Control Approach to Combat COVID-19 in Overcrowded Settings Such as Prisons and Boarding Schools: The Experience from Rwanda

        Boniface Hakizimana*

        DOI: 10.37421/2576-1420.2024.9.328

        Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory tract infection caused by a new strain of coronavirus that was first recognized in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. COVID-19 spreads via droplets, aerosols, fomites and faeces and it spreads more quickly in overcrowded settings. The aim of the study was to establish a multi-modal approach which is a set of interventions to be implemented together in overcrowded settings to enable effective COVID-19 response by flattening the epi-curve and control the transmission of the disease.

        Methods: This was an intervention study. A comprehensive multi-modal approach developed and implemented in 2 prisons and 15 boarding schools in Eastern Province of Rwanda. It started from November 2020 to the end of May 2021. The overall objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of the tailored infection prevention and control interventions on the COVID-19 infection prevention and response in overcrowding settings. The taskforce for COVID-19 prevention and response was established in each institution, members of taskforce trained and community members (students, teachers, inmates, and correctional facility staff) capacitated and assigned roles and responsibilities. Monitoring of the effectiveness of the interventions was pre-determined and regularly conducted. Data was analysed using MS Excel.

        Results: The Implementation of the project was sanctioned by a significant decrease of COVID-19 infection in both boarding schools and prisons. The incidence rate decreased from 48.82% to 7.69% at day 10 and to 0.38% at day 14 in boarding schools. The same decrease was observed in Ngoma women prison from 95% to 1.72% at day 10 and to 0.00% at day 14. >98% cases recovered in ≤ 10 days in boarding schools while in prisons 85% recovered in ≤ 10 days. It took on average of 21 days for boarding schools and 37 days for prisons to eliminate COVID-19 outbreak.

        Conclusion: The implementation of the multi-modal infection prevention and control approach in 15 boarding schools and 2 prisons in Rwanda came up with the very impactful findings. COVID-19 was eliminated in those settings within a short period of time. The recovery rate increased and the deaths minimized.

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Citations: 59

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medicine received 59 citations as per Google Scholar report

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