Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry

ISSN: 2380-2391

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 8, Issue 8 (2021)

    Review Article Pages: 1 - 4

    Heavy Metals Toxicity and the Environment Protection

    Om Prakash Meena*

    Pollution of environment is one of the most horrible ecological crisis to which we are subjected today. One of the main sources of pollution in the environments is metallic compounds. Metals and metalloids have long been mined and used in numerous applications. This has led to a significant increase of metal pollutions. Metals can accumulate in all environmental matrices at either high or trace levels of concentration. Heavy metals are naturally occurring elements that have a high atomic weight and a density. Therefore amount of various kinds of metals are present in soil, plants, air, lakes, animals, oceanic regions, even in foodstuffs and human beings. Their widespread distribution, especially heavy metals, became serious problems because of their toxicities for animals, human health and the environment. Their toxicity of heavy metals depends on several factors including the dose, route of exposure and chemical species, as well as the age, gender, genetics and nutritional status of exposed individuals. Because of their high degree of toxicity, lead, cadmium, chromium, zinc, nickel, arsenic and mercury rank among the priority metals that are of public health significance. Metals generally enter in the ecosystem in a relatively non-toxic form and generally become intrinsic components of the environment in such a way that it is difficult to remove them from the environment. Some of them are converted into toxic forms through the environmental reactions involving various micro-organisms and non-biological pathways. For example, methylated compounds like dimethyl mercury, (CH3)2Hg, are more toxic than their inorganic forms. In the present investigation more attention has been given to heavy metals like lead, cadmium, nickel and zinc. Although, the term “heavy metals” refer to any metallic element that has a relatively high density and is toxic or poisonous at low concentrations. Examples of heavy metals include Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cr and Ti etc. This review provides an analysis of their environmental occurrence, production and use, potential for human exposure and molecular mechanisms of toxicity, genotoxicity and carcinogenicity.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 3

    Different Methods, Sol-Gel and Autoclave, Applied on the Ceramic Materials to Obtain Better Photo Catalysis

    Dikra Bouras*, Regis Barillé and Abla Mecif

    6 wt% of Cu doped ZnO thin films are deposited on ceramic pellets DD3+38% ZrO2. The thin layers were prepared by Different methods autoclave and sol-gel. The characterization of the obtained treated powder was made by the test of the photocatalytic degradation of organic dye Orange II. For this characterization, an aqueous solution of 25 mg/l and a visible light provided by a UV lamp were used. This gave an optimal performance of an interesting discoloration. The degradation rate of Orange II reached 90.5% for Autoclave method and 80.06% for sol-gel method during a period of 7 h with Cu doped ZnO thin layers deposited on porous substrates DD3+38% ZrO2.

    Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

    Editorial Note on Garbage Pollution

    Haruna Adamu*

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