Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species

ISSN: 2332-2543

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

    Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Hyena and its Risk to Human in Western Terai Landscape, Nepal

    Naresh Subedi and Hari Bhadra Acharya

    We used camera opportunistic records of Hyaena in camera traps set for tigers to understand distribution and density of Striped Hyena Hyaena hyaenain Bardia National Park (BNP) and Banke National Park (BaNP) during 2013 and 2016/2017. This paper illustrate about temporal & spatial distribution as well as human hyena conflict status in western lowland of Nepal. Direct observation and camera traps data were used to collect information on human-hyena conflict and its distribution respectively. We also compare the number of individuals with encounter rate in two national parks during the period. Fifteen days of camera trapping was done with a sampling effort of 5,550 trap nights during winter of 2013 and 2016/2017. Camera traps yielded a total of 695 Hyena photographs of 17 individuals from thirty seven independent detections within an effective trapping area of 148.45 km2.Solitary striped hyenas co-exist in Bardia and Banke National Park with sympatric carnivores like tiger Panthera tigris , leopard Panthera pardus , Asiatic Wild dogs Cuonalpinus and Jackal Canis aureus . We also documented deaths of ten striped hyenas in WestenTerai between 2009 and 2018 due to Retaliatory Killings (3), Poaching (2), Road accidents (2), Natural Death (2) and Poisoning (1). Livestock depredation by striped hyena was the major reasons for the retaliatory killings. The conservation outreach programs should be formulated to conserve the habitat and maintain the prey population of the striped hyena which would be helpful for long term conservation of the striped hyena in Nepal. The study revealed that camera based capture-recapture method is an effective tool for assessing the population size and its distribution of Striped Hyena in BNP and BaNP.
    Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

    Clinical case report of unilateral idiopathic keratitis in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)

    María A. Sepúlveda G, Adriana P. Rojas R, Néstor I. Monroy O, Liliana Serrano B, Karen A. López R

    Keratitis also called corneal ulcer is inflammation of the cornea, an ocular disorder that can lead to severe visual impairment and requires prompt diagnosis and treatment to avoid complex sequelae that can range from corneal opacity to corneal scarring, perforation, endophthalmitis and loss of the eye. Ulcer types are classified into superficial ulcer, deep ulcer, neurotrophic ulcer, perforating ulcer and corneal erosion. The objective of this work is to describe the clinical case of an adult female bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) that was under human care belonging to the company Delphinus, which presented symptoms such as blepharitis and closed eye, characteristic symptoms of keratitis, confirming the diagnosis in this specimen was a challenge due to the retraction of the eye, however, The treatments used for this condition ranged from antibiotics and anti-inflammatories to alternative procedures such as the use of plasma rich in growth factors and ophthalmic ozone. With the latter, recovery of the integrity of the corneal epithelium and a minimal formation of scar tissue was observed; the definitive diagnosis was confirmed once the specimen opened its eye.

      Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

      Ceropegia Wallichii Wight (Apocynaceae Juss.): A New Elevation Record with Conservation Status

      Ishwar Prakash Sharma*

      The genus Ceropegia L. is a highly diversified genus of family Apocynaceae whose most of the species are facing threats. The species Ceropegia wallichii Wight is categorized under Data Deficient (DD) which is found between 2500 to 2900 m altitudes since till date according to available literature while this article first time mentioned its elevation in 1735 m altitude. Hence, in this scenario its new elevation should be change as 1700 to 2900 m. Owing to its poor abundance of sheets in Indian herbaria, this species also needs to be protected.

        Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

        Biodiversity and Abundance of Fish Species in Ekpene Ukpa River, a Tributary of Qua Iboe River Estuary, Niger Delta, Nigeria

        Asuquo I.E, Akpan I.I, Abiaobo N.O, George I.E, Udosen I.E, Essien-Ibok M.A and Udoinyang

        The diversity and abundance of fish species in Ekpene Ukpa River were studied from July-October, 2020. Sampling was by direct observation of the fish species at the sampling sites following landing by fishermen. Frequency, counts, and percentages were employed to determine the fish species composition and abundance, while a Microsoft Excel 2003 based program was used to determine the ecological indices. A total of 84 species belonging to seven (7) families were recorded. The most abundant grouping of fish species was Chrysichthys auratus with 25.0% and the least in abundance were Pellonula leonensis and Trachinotus teraia with 1.19%, respectively. The Index of Preponderance (IP) value of 0.06 was recorded for Chrysichthys auratus which makes this species very significant in the study site. The study revealed that species richness and diversity was high in October. An inclusive management approach is recommended, such as educational awareness, involving of the local contents, and comprehensive rational planning on the management and development of the study site.

          Open Access Pages: 1 - 1

          Integration of agricultural education and biodiversity: Introducing synecoculture into elementary school in Taiwan

          Kai-Yuan Lin

          As food protection incidents manifest continually, human beings placed extra problem on meals, therefore ???Food and agricultural schooling??? grow to be a trend. Food and agricultural schooling are divided into parts, one is meals schooling that mixes nutrition, protection and culture, the opposite is agriculture schooling that specializes in meals source, farming and environment. Currently, instructors train the nutrition, biology that is written at the textbook, however with out the realistic and in-area experience, the agriculture schooling is inadequate in Taiwan. Our undertaking combines agriculture schooling and synecoculture, in collaboration with Sony CSL in Japan. Synecoculture is an open-area crop cultivation method, which removes using tillage, fertilizer, pesticide, herbicide and absolutely is based at the productiveness primarily based totally on biodiversity. There are 3 motives to instigate synecoculture to the primary school:(1) Less field labor which makes easier approach for elementary school students to experience and understand, (2) It includes both knowledge and practice: Learning on biodiversity and the training of farming skills and (3) Elementary school is the primary education that makes an important influence in one???s life. Our primary object of introducing this system into elementary school is to raise future educators and students??? confidence and familiarity to farming. Inspire their concern about biodiversity, and rethinking the origin of food. The first step is to build teachers??? know-how and skill of synecoculture. After instructors might come to be greater acquainted with discipline operating and collect farming skill, the following step is to realise and fuse the agriculture training into the guides and paintings with students.

          This studies proposes approach and layout of biodiversity understanding constructing in agricultural training, grade by grade overcoming the issue and to layout a sequence of guides for college students in a sensible way.In addition, inside the agriculture training, the facts on plant boom can be gathered and analyzed with statistical tools.

          Agricultural biodiversity is critical to human survival and the sustainability of agroecosystems. Yet, many college graduates have best constrained competence on this field. To cope with this understanding gap, Bioversity International works with agricultural universities and networks to combine agricultural biodiversity into curricula and fortify institutions’ ability to train the subject.

          Continued genetic erosion and demanding situations of feeding the arena with the aid of using 2050 has led scientists and coverage makers to step up their paintings on agricultural biodiversity. For example, FAO’s Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture video display units the reputation of the arena’s plant, animal and woodland genetic assets and informs coverage makers on such trends. Agricultural biodiversity is a thematic programme below the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).  Knowledge of agricultural biodiversity is important to knowledge the influences of, and variation to, weather alternate and variability. Food structures processes that use agricultural biodiversity to enhance vitamins and fitness is gaining ground. Such new studies findings and guidelines want to discover their manner into the schooling system.

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