Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

ISSN: 2155-6113

Open Access

Steven Nesheim

 Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA, USA


 Steven R. Nesheim, MD, has worked to lower the incidence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, progress has often occurred at a fast pace. But as elimination of perinatal HIV transmission comes closer into view, progress is likely to shift to a slower, steadier pace.

At the epidemic's peak in 1991, during Dr. Nesheim's tenure at the Department of Pediatrics and as Medical Director of the Pediatric/Adolescent Infectious Disease Program at Emory University's Grady Health System in Atlanta, the number of infants infected with HIV perinatally stood at 1,650.1 But in 1994, when clinical trials showed that timely use of anti-retroviral prophylaxis reduced the risk of HIV transmission from mother to infant, sharp drops in the incidence quickly followed. By 2009, an estimated 151 U.S. infants were infected with HIV transmitted from their mothers, according to data presented by Dr. Nesheim and colleagues at the 2012 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections

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Citations: 5061

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