Journal of Cytology & Histology

ISSN: 2157-7099

Open Access

Rafael Covenas


  • Review Article
    Current Treatment of Schizoaffective Disorder According to a Neural Network
    Author(s): Felix-Martin Werner and Rafael CovenasFelix-Martin Werner and Rafael Covenas

    Schizoaffective disorder, which is combined with schizophrenic and affective, i.e. depressive or manic or alternating depressive and manic symptoms, has a prevalance of 0.5%. Here, we describe the alterations of the most important classical neurotransmitters in the brain regions involved in schizophrenic and affective symptoms. Schizoaffective is undoubtedly an inheritable chronic psychiatric disease, whereby traumata can enhance schizophrenic and affective symptoms in one third of patients. Neural networks are described in the brainstem, hippocampus and ventral tegmental area and the mentioned neurotransmitter alterations are considered. Prophylactic treatment of schizoaffective patients consists of administering mostly second-generation antipsychotic drugs alone or in combination with mood-stabilizing drugs. The clinical importance of the antipsychotic drug clozapine for a pharmacot.. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2157-7099.1000441

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