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Arts and Social Sciences Journal

ISSN: 2151-6200

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

    Strategy of Pioneering the Way of Local Wisdom Dalihan Natolu Tourism ?Mangaraja Purehet? Sutan Humula Sontang Monument with SWOT Analysis

    Dodi Irwan Siregar*

    DOI: 10.37421/ aim.2022.11.492

    This paper employs combination of SWOT analysis and analytic hierarchy process, in strategic planning for tourism of small simangambat village dalihan natolu Batak Culture, which is located in the north sumatera Indonesia. SWOT analysis identifies internal and external factors which are prioritized by expert in tourism domain by means of Analytic hierarchy process. The prioritized SWOT factors are used in strategies formulation using TOWS matrix. Results indicate that proactive communication strategy and isolation strategy with effective marketing promotional strategy were the best.

      Review Article Pages: 1 - 5

      A Significant Assessment on Indian Animation

      Ananda Karmakar*

      Indian animation is an influential facade in the modern world. Today where animation industry is developing continuously and becomes a beyond the imagination, the Indian animation is considered being navigator of the world animation, abundant passions and mandate creative exercises with the latest technical support which is recommended for achieving the position. The Indian animation industry is influencing not only the film industry and core animation field but also every single sector in the society. With this significance, Indian animation is being served in the world industry. Continuous journey through 2D, 3D animation and visual effects also including traditional animations have been encompassing the domain with unbeatable performance. However, the industry made own path through its constant effort where establishment might be very straggled full. This paper is a deep study on that gradual formation and development of Indian animation by providing valuable data and information.

        Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

        The Power of Koyta: It?s Implication to Other Harmful Cultural Practices; In The Case of Dassanach Ethnic Group

        Yohanes Mekonnen Abebe*

        Although it is well known that bride price payment is a harmful cultural practice prevalent in Dassanach ethnic group, yet, there is little understanding of its effects on other harmful cultural practices. To improve this, the study explores the hidden powers of bride price (KOYTA) payment to cause other harmful cultural practices. It also investigates reasons of practicing bride price payment. The study employed qualitative approach. The data were gathered from purposively selected interviewees specifically, using convenience sampling technique. The data obtained via interview has been cross checked and validated using focus group discussion and key informant. Thematic qualitative analysis technique has been employed to analyze the data. The study found that bride price payment, directly or indirectly, caused other harmful cultural practices such as inter-ethnic conflict, polygamy, early and forced marriage, abduction, school dropout, female genital mutilation and others. It also investigated that the participant articulated the causes of practicing bride price as it is a source of income, a sign of prestige and a preservative of family. It was revealed that bride price is a deep-rooted cultural practice with almost all participants supporting its continuity. However, recent commercialization has changed the practice and its cultural relevance is less clear in present time. Although bride price provides protection, respect, and acknowledgement of women within marriages, the paper argues that the practice caused other harmful cultural practices mentioned above. This study highlights the need to intervene on possible mitigation of the negative impacts of bride price so as to mitigate other harmful cultural practices at large. Therefore, intervening on bride price is a ‘’one size fits all’’ intervention on other cultural practices since other HCPs directly or indirectly caused by it.

          Case Series Pages: 1 - 4

          Road and School Naming: A Basin of History and Culture in Lupane District of Matabeleland North Province (Zimbabwe)

          Sikholiwe Dube* and Nhlanhla Sibanda

          Naming in most African communities is a very crucial concept being celebrated: As names is a repository of cultural and historical information. Significant events and historical figures are remembered through naming. The focus of this paper is to unfold the perception that names attached to roads and schools (primary and secondary alike) in Lupane district of Matabeleland North Province in Zimbabwe, shed light on the preservation of history of the Ndebele people. The paper develops the argument that it is the past which gives identity to an individual or ethnic group. The landmark names in Lupane district extend the community’s commemoration of notable heroes and their achievements. Historical evidence has fostered the indelible mark of the names in Matabeleland, thereby serving as forms of linguistic as well as, historical records for posterity. In the same vein, the study attempts to reveal that significant events and people in Lupane district have been remembered through place naming evident in the schools and roads, among other observable landmarks consciously tagged by the community and the responsible local authority. Signposting such as road names and schools naming expresses the worldview of the Ndebele people in Lupane thereby asserting ownership of their space and authority to contribute to the construction of national narratives. As such, this onomastic practice in Lupane district is driven and manipulated by the Ndebele people’s historical milieu. A thorough exploration of the origin and meanings of place names in this regard will enable the study to establish their symbolic significance. Qualitative research methodology will be employed to study the place names and interviews will be carried out with resource persons from the community and local authority who have substantive knowledge about the subject under study.

            Research Pages: 1 - 8

            The Effects of the use of Atm Banking Services on Customer Satisfaction in National Financial Credit (Nfc) Bank Bambili Branch

            Wacha Roosevelt Wacha*

            This research study was carried out to obtain the effects of the use of ATM banking services on customer satisfaction. Research on the use of ATM banking services on customer satisfaction remains unrepresented and is a growing area of interest. It further offered a controversial topic that ATM holders could engage in to further make sense of the different negative and positive effects of ATM use that exist and how these directly influenced responses to gendered phenomena. It therefore elicited significant constructions of results and hence was used as a vehicle to further insight into the nature of awareness about the customer services offered by ATM points to account holders, effectiveness of ATM service on account holders and the relationships between ATM services and customer satisfaction. This was achieved using a sample of 40 ATM users of National Financial Credit bank, Bambili branch. Through this method, the effect of the use of ATM banking services on customer satisfaction was analyzed. Data was analyzed using STATA 10. The results were understood as almost three quarters of the respondents rated the services offered by an ATM to be effective with withdrawal as the main service offered by ATM, followed by checking of balances, while the statement/mini statement of account came third and Cash or cheque deposit came last. The finding further depicts that more than half of the respondents were satisfied by the services offered by the ATM. This study sheds light on the awareness that ATM services results in customer satisfaction in the society and as a view point for banking industry by showing how quality services offered by ATM service points are essential and its relationship to customer satisfaction. The researcher recommended that more inclusive study be made taking into consideration the disabled. A larger sample could also be carried out to see customer’s perception concerning ATM banking services. The researcher also recommended that the bank should check the ATMs regularly to fix irregularities.

            Review Article Pages: 1 - 6

            Turning Point in the Development of British Colonial Social Welfare in Zanzibar, 1940-1963

            Mkubwa Shaali Ali

            This article examines the experience and influence of the British welfare interventions in Zanzibar. It elucidates the origins and implementation of the British colonial development and Welfare Act of 1940 and presents this legislation as an important landmark in the development of social welfare. The article employed qualitative approach and utilized archival and oral testimonies. This article argues that, while the British colonial development act of 1929 proved to be of limited significance, the introduction and implementation of colonial development and social Welfare Act of 1940 marked a significant turning point in the development of social welfare in Zanzibar. This was characterized by major developments in education, medical and health facilities as well as improvements in urban housing. The paper also maintains that although the provision of colonial social welfare services followed the traditional approach of focusing on urban areas, to some extent rural communities benefited from the services.

            Review Article Pages: 1 - 10

            Structural Reformation of Nigeria Police Force Through Strategic Human Resource Management Framework

            David Love Opeyemi*, Adepoju Omoseni Oyindamola and Akinkuotu Joshua Oluwagaloba

            DOI: DOI: 10.37421/2151-6200.2022.13.523

            The police force stabilizes public institutions for societal tranquillity, economic development, peaceful coexistence and is an integral pillar in securing human development, which unfortunately operates as a mirage in Nigeria. Therefore, this study seeks to provide appropriate recommendations for structural reform of the Nigeria police force using the Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) approach to the identified challenges facing the Nigerian Police Force. The study used qualitative research methodology through the thorough and critical content analysis of reports, journals, publications, and news. The study findings revealed five significant challenges hindering police effectiveness in Nigeria and developed a 10 X 5 SHRM framework that included ten (10) strategic focus and five (5) strategies. The study recommended that utilizing the 10 X 5 strategic human resource management frameworks alongside 1829 nine (9) policing principles and three (3) core ideas of Sir Robert Peel.

            Review Pages: 1 - 9

            The Power of Koyta: It?s Implication to Other Harmful Cultural Practices in the Dassanach Ethnic Group

            Yohanes Mekonnen

            Although it is well known that bride price payment is a harmful cultural practice prevalent in dassanach ethnic group, yet, there is little understanding of its effects on other harmful cultural practices. To improve this, the study explores the hidden powers of bride price (KOYTA) payment to cause other harmful cultural practices. It also investigates reasons of practicing bride price payment. The study employed qualitative approach. The data were gathered from purposively selected interviewees specifically, using convenience sampling technique. The data obtained via interview has been cross checked and validated using focus group discussion and key informant. Thematic qualitative analysis technique has been employed to analyze the data. The study found that bride price payment, directly or indirectly, caused other harmful cultural practices such as inter-ethnic conflict, polygamy, early and forced marriage, abduction, school dropout, female genital mutilation and others. It also investigated that the participant articulated the causes of practicing bride price as it is a source of income, a sign of prestige and a preservative of family. It was revealed that bride price is a deep-rooted cultural practice with almost all participants supporting its continuity. However, recent commercialization has changed the practice and its cultural relevance is less clear in present time. Although bride price provides protection, respect, and acknowledgement of women within marriages, the paper argues that the practice caused other harmful cultural practices mentioned above. This study highlights the need to intervene on possible mitigation of the negative impacts of bride price so as to mitigate other harmful cultural practices at large. Therefore, intervening on bride price is a ‘’one size fits all’ ’ intervention on other cultural practices since other HCPs directly or indirectly caused by it.

            Review Article Pages: 1 - 7

            Covid-19 And Its Disruption Of Funeral Rituals In Africa: The Ghanaian Experience

            Vincent Assanful*

            DOI: 10.37421/2151-6200.2022.13.526

            The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide affected the socio-cultural life of the African. One major socio-cultural ritual that was heavily affected was the celebration of funeral rituals. Funerals in Africa are not only social ceremonies but religious as well. The community uses it to send off the departed to the spiritual world. However, the advent of the COVID-19 affected the performance of funeral rituals in Africa. The paper discusses the impact of the disruption using the experience in Ghana and the responses of the various communities in Ghana had to respond to the regulations put in place by the government to regulate funerals and other indigenous religious rituals. Employing the phenomenological method, the paper analyses data collected from the field and the literature to assess the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 on the celebration of funeral rituals in Ghana. Findings from the study indicates that COVID-19 disrupted the celebrations of festivals in Ghana.

            Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

            Drivers of holistic Agricultural risk management training transfer.

            Pontious Mubiru Mukasa*

            DOI: 10.37421/2151-6200.2022.13.523

            Assessing the level of transfer in both public and private organizations is increasingly becoming necessary as a means of determining employee productivity and efficiency. In 2000 Holton and others came up with training transfer system inventory as a tool to predict transfer. He asserted that the success or failure of training transfer in an organization depends on the learning transfer system which are: Trainee characteristics, training design and work environment. However, it is important to note that these factors are viewed differently according demographic characteristics, context and time span taken after the training. The purpose of this study was to analyze the drivers that lead to the transfer of agricultural risk management practices among agricultural extension staff in Uganda who were trained by the Ugandan Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) so as to build their capacity to train smallholder farmers to manage the agricultural risks that have for long affected productivity. There was need to determine the extent to which the trainees were able to transfer the skill gained in Agriculture Risk Management (ARM) training back to their work environment. A total number of 281 were interviewed on their last day of training. Showed that perceived content validity, opportunity to use, readiness to learn, transfer effort performance expectation, and training design, had a significant impact on agricultural risk management transfer. Extension worker trainers, decision makers/facilitators, and other actors in the extension system should pay particular attention to the factors reported here as important to agricultural risk management training transfer. Furthermore, the LTSI has been proved to be effective in evaluating agricultural risk management training.

            Review Article Pages: 1 - 8

            Political Economy of Institutionalism: A Qur?anic Ontological Inquiry

            Masudul Alam Choudhury*

            DOI: 10.37421/2151-6200.2022.13.524

            This paper builds an original theory that is derived from the methodology premised in the ontology leading to the epistemology of unity of knowledge of monotheistic oneness in its widest meaning encompassing the dynamics of creation in its generality and specificity of issues and problems. This methodology is explained in terms of pervasive participatory and organic interactive, integrative, and evolutionary learning (IIE learning) nature and logic of the generality and details of the world-system of ‘everything’. Such an entirety of the diverse components of the world-system and its entities is explained by inter-causal endogenous variables and their relations in the form of algorithmic analytics.

            Institutionalism as the phenomenology of such an intrinsic world-system and its inherent interactive, integrative and evolutionary learning (IIE learning processes) characteristics of the worldview of the pervasively participatory processes is taken as the widest definition of political economy. Thus, this paper studies the conceptual and applied aspects of the emergent field of political economy of the institutionalist worldview in the light of the qur’anic primal ontology of monotheistic unity of knowledge referred to as Tawhid and its methodological worldview governed by the ontology of unity of knowledge and its embedding of the world-system.

            On the contrary, the prevalent view of political economy of institutionalism is one of legitimating the competition and adversarial behaviour that is transmitted to the nature of institutionalism via the methodological individualism nature of self and other. The pronounced difference in the theory of political economy of institutionalism in the prevalent orientation and the one presented in this paper is therefore one premised on the opposing views. These are of methodological individualism of the adversarial outlook between entities and oppositely that of participation in a methodological orientation of unity of knowledge. Even in the contrasting views of the normative theory we are constructing against the positivistic theory being extant.

            The objective of this paper is to introduce an ethically constructed possibility, where there does not exist one presently. The other going idea of actor network that resembles our IIE learning methodological worldview with its ontological universality and uniqueness is of significance to understand the inter-causal relations between primal ontology of unity of knowledge, mind, machine, and sustainable inferences thus obtained. Indeed, this monotheistic quest ought to be the ultimate objective of the socio-scientific era.

              Review Article Pages: 1 - 5

              The Need for Audio Visual Materials in the Advancement of Musical Skills Acquisition

              Emmanuel Oyetunji Alemede*

              DOI: 10.37421/2151-6200.2022.13.539

              This study focused on the importance of using audio visual resources in acquiring musical skills in junior secondary schools in two purposefully selected schools in IFE central local government area of Osun State (Obafemi Awolowo university international school and urban day secondary school). The population of this study was 150 students, and the sample was 90 students from classes JSS 1-3. The results showed that the use of audio visual materials has a more significant influence on the teaching and learning of music students in junior secondary schools. It also indicated that the use of audio visual resources aids the retention capacity of the students, so as not to easily forget what they have learnt. Finally, the researcher recommended that there is ardent need for government and stakeholders to provide audio visual resources/aids in the schools to facilitate the teaching and learning process. Therefore, it is suggested that music teachers be adequately equipped with the knowledge of how audio visual resources are applied as teaching and learning aids to impact musical skills on students.

                Review Article Pages: 1 - 3

                Use of Humor in R.K. Narayan?s Novel

                Vinod Kumar Mahawar* and Prabha Gaur

                DOI: 10.37421/2161-6200.2023.14.553

                Humour is a state of mind that has the ability to make people laugh. Humor and wit identify the comic species. Wit is the mental faculty of intelligence. In his novels, Narayan employs wit to produce humour. It is possible to understand the sociological interpretations of humour in R. K. Narayan's works for his ideas are based on in-depth research and offer several viewpoints on literary interpretations. He uses critical analysis to build social order, acceptance, and transformation through making fun of human conditions, interactions, and cultures. Humor is a sort of art, and people's acceptance of humour depends on a variety of sociological circumstances. Humor improves a person's physical and psychological health. It is an amusing intellectual experience that makes people laugh. Narayan's writings, which are fictionalized, portray the peculiarities and foibles of modern Indian life. They have a genuinely sarcastic quality. Comedy is a sort of art that helps people understands the evil that exists in their society. R. K. Narayan uses the genre of comedy to combat corruption in society. To demonstrate to his viewers the contradiction present in Indian culture, he uses regular people from the community as his protagonists. Indian philosophy is heavily infused in his writings. A discussion of the sociological interpretations of humour that may be found in many contexts, descriptions, narratives, and dialogues that enhance and advance human life is attempted.

                  Review Article Pages: 1 - 5

                  The Role of Cooperative Societies in Rice Production in Mwea Irrigation Scheme; 1964-2009

                  Kanyi Christopher Munene*, Fredrick Muchoki Mwangi and Martin Duke Moindi

                  DOI: 10.37421/2151-6200.2023.14.568

                  The study’s objectives were to trace the origin and development of the cooperative movement in Mwea irrigation scheme and to investigate the role of the cooperative movement in rice production in Mwea irrigation scheme from 1964 to 2009. The study was a descriptive survey that used primary and secondary sources of data. Respondents were purposively sampled and snowballing was used to link the researchers to other knowledgeable respondents. Respondents were interviewed orally. The data collected was analyzed and classified thematically based on the objectives of the study. The study found out that the cooperative movement in Mwea irrigation scheme began in 1964 as an initiative of rice farmers in the scheme. Although the movement lobbied for the rights of the rice farmers in the scheme, government interference made its advocacy activities unsuccessful between 1964 and l998. The movement enabled rice farmers buy shares in Mwea rice mills limited, a joint venture between rice farmers in the scheme and the government of Kenya. After liberalization of rice production in 1999, the cooperative movement took over most of the activities carried out by the national irrigation board since the board was no longer in charge or rice production in the scheme from 1999. The efficiency and effectiveness of the cooperative movement in provision of services to rice farmers was one of the reasons that led to an increase in rice acreage, amount and higher profits among farmers in the scheme from 1999. The cooperative movement therefore had a positive impact on rice production in the scheme after 1999. More rice farmers therefore need to be encouraged to join the cooperative movement. The cooperative movement in Mwea irrigation scheme needs to diversify its activities in order to bring on board more people into it and not just rice farmers.

                    Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

                    From "Plane Visual Art" to "Space Somatosensory Aesthetics"-An Aesthetic Exploration of Film Art in Multidimensional Perspective

                    Guoxin Chen*

                    DOI: 10.37421/2151-6200.2023.14.578

                    The article explores the evolution of film art from its early days as a two-dimensional plane visual art to a multi-dimensional space somatosensory aesthetics. The author discusses the different dimensions of film art, including sound, space, and technology, and how they have contributed to the development of film aesthetics. The article also examines how film art has been influenced by various cultural and social factors and how it has evolved to reflect changing societal norms and values. Finally, the author argues that film art is a dynamic and evolving form of artistic expression that will continue to evolve and adapt to new technologies and cultural contexts.

                    Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

                    A Local NGOS Role in the Economic Empowerment of Rural Women in the Upper West Region of Ghana: Evidence from House of Liberation for Empowerment (HOLFE)

                    Abdel-Kadri Fuseini* and Beatrice Yayra Amati

                    DOI: 10.37421/2151-6200.2023.14.580

                    The study examined the role of a local NGO (House of Liberation for Empowerment (HOLIFE) in economic empowerment of rural women in the Upper West Region, Ghana. It delved into the factors constraining women economic empowerment, assessed HOLIFE strategies adopted in promoting women economic empowerment and further identified the challenges facing HOLIFE organization in the discharge of its duties in the study areas. The paper builds on a case study of HOLIFE-NGO engaged in women empowerment so far in five districts in the upper west region. The study adopted in-depth interviews with three HOLIFE top management staff, one focus group discussions held in each beneficiary district with nine-teen women beneficiaries and semi-structured interviews with twenty-five HOLIFE district based executives from the five beneficiary districts (five each from the five districts). The collected data were analyzed and presented as frequency distribution percentages, direct quotations and narratives. The study revealed the following as factors militating against women economic empowerment in the study area; thus lack of access to farmland, cultural practices, inaccessibility to credit, lack of extension services and Illiteracy. However, the women beneficiaries are with the opinion that HOLIFE is highly contributing to uplifting their economic empowerment. It was further revealed that HOLIFE uses the following strategies to empower its women includes; awareness campaign/advocacy campaign; skill training programs; loan with a low-interest rate; and capacity building. Despite the effectiveness of the strategies, the following factors impede HOLIFE smooth operations thus insufficient fund, poor roads, irregularity in membership meetings, illiteracy and product marketing challenge. It is recommended that the government as well as donors should help reduce the constraining factors of local NGOs in the country to ensuring their smooth operations towards women empowerment.

                      Research Article Pages: 1 - 10

                      Arts and the Law: Regulating Graffiti Writing in the Digital Era in Nigeria to Stem Abuses

                      Patrick Edem Okon*, Okon Effiong Udoyo and Nwanchor Uchenna Alefia

                      DOI: 10.37421/2151-6200.2023.13.588

                      This paper examined the relationship between graffiti writing and the law in Nigeria, with specific focus on the regulatory regimes available to graffiti arts and artists. Qualitative research design and methods were used, with oral interview and documentary study preferred for empirical investigations. Four respondents were orally interviewed. Some online documents – legal materials, newspaper reports, and academic writings – were also studied. Findings revealed that graffiti were now accepted as legitimate arts in Nigeria. In regulating the disturbing aspects of graffiti, the same sets of rules used for the mainstream arts were being applied. The available rules were, however, considered as inadequate for the effective governance of the online documented graffiti to control abuses. But where the existing rules were properly enforced and obeyed, there would be the rightful recognition of the artists, the appreciation of their style of art, and improved income for the artists and the country at large, among other benefits. For a better regulation and graffiti writing in Nigeria, artists should collectively work to ensure timely and broad distributions of knowledge about the ethics of the practice for new entrants; there should be increased allocations of writing spaces for graffiti artists across the States to encourage the practice, promote the aesthetics of local communities, provide alternative therapeutic avenues for disenfranchised youths, and reduce the chances of malicious damage to public property. The Nigerian governments should also establish a visionary, credible and viable council to best manage the alternative art sector.

                        Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

                        Preparing for the Aftermath of the Coronavirus Crisis and the Impact on Social and Emotional Competence

                        Rick Stalnaker

                        In the field of psychology, there have been studies concerning how the social environment plays a causal factor in brain
                        modification that can shape the capacity for learning. A traumatic life event impacts someone, an accident, or maltreatment; it causes
                        variations in brain structure and function. Whether it is what other people deliberately do to someone of an unfortunate event, your brain
                        gets mucked up.

                        Review Article Pages: 1 - 4

                        Laser vision correction (lasik) in the United States

                        Stephen N. Joffe

                        Laser Vision Correction (LVC) is an elective, self-pay and safe surgical procedure to correct myopia and hyperopia. Since FDA approval 25 years ago, there have been a progression of technological improvements leading to better outcomes and LVC is now one of the safest surgical procedures. A potential pool of 50 million patients, 6000 trained ophthalmic surgeons regularly treat in over 1000 centers. Treatments remain low from an earlier peak of 1.4 million to less than 800,000 over last 10 years. The factors preventing patients undergoing surgery have not changed and include the cost and fear of laser surgery. The latter is overcome by word of mouth referrals and positive social media messaging. Patients can be “in and out” in less than two hours with a rapid recovery, minimal postoperative restrictions and have 20/20 vision within 24 hours. Laser vision correction and especially LASIK, remains the treatment of choice for myopic and hyperopic patients wanting to remove their dependency on glasses and contact lenses.

                        Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

                        Delphine Mascarene de Rayssac*, Jedidah Vika Muli and Lawrence Wainaina

                        A psychoanalytical approach to the climate crisis in terms of the individual psychological background as object relations determine the relationship to nature as holding female representations and group dynamics at work in the reaction or lack thereof. A further exploration into the ability to sustain frustration as a key element to personal and societal development allowing to shed primitive libidinal patterns whereas certain psychological structures are hindered from this ability. As a result, the dysfunctional narcissism feeds relationships of dominance and power completing a self destructive pattern where only adaptation and symbolization processes could counter the traumatic effects of sudden change to our modern lifestyles.

                        Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

                        Maryam Ghasemisarukolai*, Hossein Kordi and Parvaneh Danesh

                        This article provides a conceptual framework for observing social well-being among university faculty members. The study aimed to recognize how the dimensions of human health have an essential role in balancing the social life of faculty members, and its general coverage in society can promote social development. A further aim was to focus on how to affect the social well-being of faculty members has a positive influence on the optimal performance of social roles in the academic environment and also what are the factors affecting the level of social wellbeing benefits of faculty members that will lead to improving the performance of professors in the scientific environment. The extensive observation in this research was considered on an individual scale, and the sample was (N=200) people. The obtained results in this research show that the social well-being rate of men is higher than women. According to descriptive data, the average mark of social wellbeing for faculty staff has been 105.5, minimum 78, and a maximum of 128, which is considered proper and shows the social well-being of faculty members is high. However, there are some different items observed based on background properties. Implications of results will be discussed.

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