Numerous nations have taken action to reduce the potential harm that cyber-attacks could cause. For instance, the Control System Security
Program (CSSP), which includes a specialist Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team, is run by the U.S. Department of
Homeland Security National Cyber Security Division (NCSD). Cyber war and cyber-attacks present a number of conceptual issues for geographers
who are interested in peace and justice. Like everything else, war now primarily focuses on relationships.