Composite materials are typical engineering materials that are designed and produced for a variety of purposes in consumer products, the marine
and oil sectors, sports goods, aircraft parts, and automotive components. The global market for composite materials is expanding due to the use
of lightweight components. Steel and aluminum were replaced with composite materials that performed better. This makes the discovery of novel
materials possible by fusing several components into a composite structure. Although rising nations will create a new reality as they enter the
composites fray, the increasing rivalry will result in quickly evolving and complicated marketplaces. The global composite materials industry is
growing quickly. Since composite materials have significantly reduced weight, they are utilized for structural applications and parts of all spacecraft
and aircraft, from combat planes to the space shuttle and passenger jets to gliders and hot air balloon gondolas. The design of high-performance,
cost-effective aircraft will be aided by the creation of next-generation composite materials that are lightweight and resistant to high temperatures.
Creating composite materials based on nano filler epoxy resins to create structural aeronautic components that effectively guard against lightning
strikes. The preparation of the epoxy matrix involves combining a tetra functional epoxy precursor with a reactive diluent, which lowers the moisture
content and speeds up the dispersion of the nano filler. The reactive diluent also proves to be beneficial for improving the curing degree of nano
filler epoxy composites. Evaluation of the performance of 100% Basalt, 100% Aramid, and Basalt and Aramid fabric follows development and
testing of the relative mechanical characteristics. Using finite element analysis, epoxy hybrid composites are employed in aerospace applications
and are compared to other composite materials now available for usage in passenger aircraft.