Journal of Surgery

ISSN: [Jurnalul de chirurgie]
ISSN: 1584-9341

Open Access

Volume 18, Issue 8 (2022)

Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

Evaluation and Treatment of Dysthyroid Optic Neuropathy

Nicholas Theodore*

DOI: 10.37421/1584-9341.2022.18.49

Inflammation, proliferation, and remodelling have historically been considered the three different stages of wound healing. Numerous well planned interactions and reactions between cells and substances are put into play during each phase. For each phase, there is substantial overlap, and the boundaries between them are hazy. The reader will first receive a general overview of the wound healing process in this article, which will be followed by a more in-depth examination of the cells and inflammatory mediators involved in wound healing. The start of the healing process and its base are provided by haemostasis. Vasodilation and higher vascular permeability are brought on by inflammation. But controlling bleeding is the first thing the body does after being wounded. Vasoconstriction occurs in the damaged blood artery, and the endothelium and surrounding platelets activate the intrinsic component. Cellular cues that cause a neutrophil response are produced as soon as the clot forms. Neutrophils are attracted to the injured area by interleukin, tumour necrosis factor, transforming growth factor, PF4, and bacterial "products" as the inflammatory mediators build up, prostaglandins are elaborated, and the nearby blood vessels vasodilate to facilitate the increased cellular traffic. Around 48 to 96 hours after damage, monocytes in the adjacent tissue and blood are drawn to the region and undergo a transformation into macrophages. It's crucial to get the inflammatory cells going, especially the macrophage. In order to enter the proliferative phase, a macrophage must be stimulated. Vascular endothelial growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, and other factors will be synthesised by an activated macrophage to drive a giogenesis.

Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

A First Hand Evaluation of Virtual Reality and Haptics in Dental Surgery

Nicholas Theodore*

DOI: 10.37421/1584-9341.2022.18.53

The last 20 years have seen a rise in the use of virtual reality and haptics, two unique human-machine interface technologies, across a variety of industries including healthcare, entertainment, manufacturing, and education. They offer a fresh and inexpensive method, especially for dental surgery simulation and training, allowing dentists to perform procedures as much as they'd like without incurring additional costs. Training can also take place anywhere. The use of virtual reality and haptics for teaching and simulation in dental surgery is thoroughly covered in this study. The investigation of a few novel concepts and current research developments is followed by an introduction to the main research initiatives and their typical systems, a summary of the key research questions that were involved, and a discussion of potential future directions and findings.

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Citations: 205

Journal of Surgery received 205 citations as per Google Scholar report

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