Journal of Surgery

ISSN: [Jurnalul de chirurgie]
ISSN: 1584-9341

Open Access

Volume 18, Issue 7 (2022)

Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

The Fundamentals of Wound Healing

Nicholas Theodore*

DOI: 10.37421/1584-9341.2022.18.45

Inflammation, proliferation, and remodelling have historically been considered the three different stages of wound healing. Numerous well planned interactions and reactions between cells and substances are put into play during each phase. For each phase, there is substantial overlap, and the boundaries between them are hazy. The reader will first receive a general overview of the wound healing process in this article, which will be followed by a more in-depth examination of the cells and inflammatory mediators involved in wound healing. The start of the healing process and its base are provided by haemostasis. Vasodilation and higher vascular permeability are brought on by inflammation. But controlling bleeding is the first thing the body does after being wounded. Vasoconstriction occurs in the damaged blood artery, and the endothelium and surrounding platelets activate the intrinsic component. Cellular cues that cause a neutrophil response are produced as soon as the clot forms. Neutrophils are attracted to the injured area by interleukin, tumour necrosis factor, transforming growth factor, PF4, and bacterial "products" as the inflammatory mediators build up, prostaglandins are elaborated, and the nearby blood vessels vasodilate to facilitate the increased cellular traffic. Around 48 to 96 hours after damage, monocytes in the adjacent tissue and blood are drawn to the region and undergo a transformation into macrophages. It's crucial to get the inflammatory cells going, especially the macrophage. In order to enter the proliferative phase, a macrophage must be stimulated. Vascular endothelial growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, and other factors will be synthesised by an activated macrophage to drive a giogenesis.

Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

Meta-analysis of Electrospinning Applications for Drug Delivery

Kazunari Fushimi*

DOI: 10.37421/1584-9341.2022.18.47

The last ten years have seen an increase in interest in soft delivery systems. This is due to the fact that many novel candidate pharmaceuticals have poor aqueous solubilities; as a result, a solubilizing delivery method is frequently needed to provide adequate drug bioavailability and/or to assist clinical or even preclinical research and development activities. Soft delivery systems may have a number of benefits in addition to facilitating improved solubilization. These benefits may include controlled drug release rate, defence against drug hydrolysis and other forms of chemical degradation, defence against enzymatic degradation, reduction of toxicity, and increased drug availability. It is also possible for many of the soft delivery systems made of surfactants, lipids, and block copolymers to be stimulated by factors like temperature, ionic strength, calcium ions, or certain metabolites to switch between different structures. One of the hardest undertakings for academics and companies is pharmaceutical discovery of novel drug candidates. Globally, the pharmaceutical industry is thought to have spent 179 billion dollars on the discovery of new drugs. However, only about 11% of fresh candidates have a chance of making it to the market. The most frequent failure occurs during phase II clinical trials, when the majority of medication candidates exhibit hazardous side effects or lack sufficient efficacy to treat the evaluated medical condition. However, even pharmaceuticals that are approved for sale may have unwanted side effects. For instance, anticancer chemotherapeutics continue to raise concerns among patients and therapists due to their inherent toxicity. Severe adverse effects like infections and vomiting have been reduced over time in addition to their potency and target selectivity

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Citations: 205

Journal of Surgery received 205 citations as per Google Scholar report

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