Background: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is on the rise in developing countries like Bangladesh along with decreasing Vitamin D levels. As women are more
vulnerable to metabolic syndrome and vitamin D deficiency, and connection among these were reported in various population, this research aims to quantify the
association between vitamin D and metabolic syndrome and its components among Bangladeshi women from urban area.
Methods: Necessary data were collected from 233 participants over five months from 2015 to 2016 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The concentration of Triglyceride, High-
Density Lipoprotein (HDL) levels, fasting plasma glucose was measured with kits and vitamin D analysis was performed using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography.
Results: In this study, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among the population was found to be 59.66%. When the subjects were divided into different quarters
according to vitamin D sufficiency levels, subjects in all the quarters had significantly lower odds ratios of having metabolic syndrome compared to the lowest quarter.
Conclusion: The number of metabolic syndrome components were found to be inversely correlated with Vitamin D level and individual components were found to be
correlated with Vitamin D, indicating the inverse association between vitamin D and prevalence of risk of metabolic syndrome.