Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

ISSN: 0974-7230

Open Access

Volume 14, Issue 2 (2021)

Review Article Pages: 1 - 8

The Gut Microbiome versus COVID-19

Olga Vasieva and Igor Goryanin*

DOI: 10.37421/0974-7230.2021.14.336

The digestive system is an environmental frontline involving digestive secretions, intestinal cell metabolism, and gut microbiome that significantly modulate multiple functions in organisms. Understanding the ‘gut-lung axis’, where gut residential microbiota play important roles, may help in the development of better prophylactics and intervention strategies for diseases caused by respiratory viruses, including coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19). Gastrointestinal symptoms are common in COVID-19 patients and are generally indicative of disease complications. As we have learned so far, diarrhea and gut dysbiosis during SARS-CoV-2 infection should not be ignored, as they can be used to distinguish pathways of dysregulation of the immune system and the regulatory pathways upstream and downstream of viral primary binding receptors such as ACE2. This review presents evidence of microbiome signatures in the gut and respiratory system that may predict the severity and long-term outcomes of COVID-19. Understanding the factors (such as pro-inflammatory trends, modulation of metabolite availability, and impact on cell signaling and pathogenic properties) translating the effect of microbiome composition on the severity of respiratory infections should help in the development of new approaches for health monitoring, disease prevention, and treatment.

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Citations: 1932

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