Medicinal Chemistry

ISSN: 2161-0444

Open Access

Strategies for the Synthesis of Thiazolidinone Heterocycles


Ashraf Mashrai, Ayaz Mahmood Dar, Shafia Mir and Shamsuzzaman

Thiazolidinones is the special class of heterocyclic compounds with a broad spectrum of biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, antihistaminic, anti-HIV, hypnotic, anaesthetic, antifungal, anthelmintic and antiviral agents as well as CNS stimulants. Therefore researchers have synthesized these condensed heterocycles through different complex pathways as target structures for biological studies. This review focuses on the various strategies followed for the convenient synthesis of thiazolidinone based heterocyclic derivatives. The steps included condensation followed by cyclization of Schiff’s bases, either in a step-wise manner or in one pot under different conditions. Mercaptoacetic acid, thiolactic acid, chloroacetyl chloride, potassium thiocyanate, ethylchloro acetate and ammonium thiocyanate are the most common reagents used for the synthesis thiazolidinone appended on different heterocyclic skeletons.


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