Medicinal Chemistry

ISSN: 2161-0444

Open Access

Small-Molecules Targeting Sirtuin 1: A Patent Review (2012-2015)


Alessandra Graziadio, Alessandra Locatelli, Rita Morigi and Mirella Rambaldi

Sirtuins are a family of enzymes, which govern genome regulation, stress response, metabolic homeostasis and lifespan. Among all the discovered human isoforms (SIRT1-7), SIRT1 emerged as a promising molecular target for the treatment of several diseases. The SIRT1 activators have shown beneficial effects in diabetes, obesity, disorders related to aging, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. On the other hand, SIRT1 inhibition could be applied in anticancer therapy. This review is focused on patents regarding small molecules targeting SIRT1 registered from 2012 to 2015. The chemical formula, the activation and/or inhibition activity and the application of the most active compounds are considered.


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