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Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

ISSN: 2161-0959

Open Access

Role of Yoga in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Hypothetical Review

Abstract

Kashinath GM *,Hemant B ,Praerna C ,Nagarathna R ,Nagendra HR

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a medical condition characterized by progressive renal dysfunction which leads to permanent renal impairment and premature mortality, which affects patient’s quality of life significantly. Diabetes, hypertension and glomerulo-nephritis are known to be the most common causes of CKD. Recent studies have reported that there is a strong association of oxidative stress, chronic inflammation and psychological stress with CKD. These factors significantly affect the treatment outcome in CKD. Treatment modalities which control these factors can contribute significantly towards CKD management. Yoga is an ancient traditional science which encompasses yogic physical postures (asanas), yogic breathing practices (pranayama), meditations and relaxation techniques. Several scientific studies have shown that yoga reduces blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, oxidative stress, psychological stress and inflammatory conditions. It also improves heart rate variability by bringing balance in autonomic nervous system by reducing sympathetic tone and increasing parasympathetic activity. In several studies, it has been reported that yoga has significant role in the management of non-communicable diseases like diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart diseases etc. Regular yoga practice can help control sugar levels in diabetics, blood pressure in hypertensives and reduce the risk of cardiac complications in patients with heart diseases. Thus, yoga has promising role in the primary and secondary management of CKD as an adjuvant. Here, we compile all these researches and based on this present a yoga module useful in CKD along with necessary precautions to be taken while doing yoga.

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