Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

ISSN: 1948-593X

Open Access

Prevalence of Self-medication and its Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care at Nekemte Referral Hospital, Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia


Getu Bayisa Wakjira, Bontu Gemechu Boru and Busha Gamachu Labata

Background: Self-medication is one element of self-care in which individuals to treat self-recognized illnesses or symptoms did the selection and use of medicines. Pregnant women’s practice self-medication to treat a number of medical conditions. However, self-medication in pregnant women’s leads to potential drug adverse reaction. Higher risks were reported if women were in their first trimesters of pregnancy.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of self-medication and its associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care at Nekemte Referral Hospital.

Methodology: A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted among 195 pregnant women attending antenatal care at Nekemte Referral hospital from May to June 2018. Semi-structured interviewer questionnaire was used to collect data from each study subjects. SPSS version 21 software was used to categorize and analyze data. Association is significant at p-value less than 0.05.

Results: In this study, 195 pregnant mothers were participated. The respondents’ age range from 21 to 45 years and their mean age was 30.4+3.45 years. Self-medication practice among pregnant women was 21.5% with the most common self-medicated drugs were paracetamol 19 (45.2%) and amoxicillin 12 (28.6%). Respondents aged between 20 to 30 years (AOR=0.108, 95% CI: 0.012-0.952) and 31 to 40 years (AOR= 0.078, 95% CI: 0.009-0.698) were less likely to practice self-medication than those above 40 years old respondent. Farmer pregnant women were less likely (AOR=0.881, 95% CI: 0.006-1.099) to use self-medication than students.

Conclusion: The prevalence of self-medication was 21.5% among respondents. Pregnant women with age group of 31 to 40 years and farmers had less likely to practice self-medication.


Share this article

Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 3099

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine received 3099 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

arrow_upward arrow_upward