Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

ISSN: 1948-593X

Open Access

Pattern and Trend of Malaria Morbidity and Mortality in Tigray Region, Ethiopia from 2011/12-2014/15


Hadgu Gerensea and Hafte Teklay

Introduction: Malaria is vector borne disease. Even though there is global step-down in malaria mortality still the African Region still continues to shoulder the heaviest burden: In 2015, this region accounted just about nine in ten malaria cases and deaths world-wide.

Methods: The primary intention of this work was to evaluate four year pattern and trends of malaria morbidity and mortality in Tigray region using backward study system from patients’ enrollment and Health Management Information System (HMIS) data. The data was interred and coded to Epi Info and exported to SPSS version 21 for statistics analysis.

Results: A total of 1.5 million malaria cases were analyzed. 78% of the cases were confirmed though liberator where as 22% of the cases diagnosis were made though clinical manifestation without liberator. The most common species of malaria morbidity is Plasmodium falciparum which accounts 71% where are the rest were other species. Morbidity in 2014/15 is 33% lower than 2011/12, mortality is 43% lower than 2011/12.

Conclusion: Although elimination and eradication were not possible, reduction of malaria morbidity and mortality were achieved. But still know it needs high-level and uninterrupted political loyalty and changeless attention, deep programmatic attempts in affected arena for eradication and riddance of malaria.


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