Telecommunications System & Management

ISSN: 2167-0919

Open Access

Motion Control of a Mobile Robot using Eye-Tracking


Mohd Nadhir Ab Wahab

According to the report, about 1 in 50 families live with paralysis – around 5.4 million individuals. It is the same number of individuals as the collective residents
of Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and Washington D.C., which is almost 40% greater than the standard figures. Typical forms of paralysis include Monoplegia,
Hemiplegia, Diplegia, Paraplegia, and Quadriplegia. Another paralysis, except for Diplegia, had lower limbs (either partly or wholly) requiring a wheelchair to
support them in terms of mobility. Many wheelchairs, however, enable them to use their hands to maneuver around. It may concern patients with Hemiplegia or
Quadriplegia, as their hand movements are very restricted. As a result, this study suggested a wheelchair motion control using eye-tracking. The wheelchair is
portrayed by a differential mobile robot, where the same moving principle is shared. This project's key feature is that the patient determines the direction of travel
of the wheelchair without physically stressing it. This project consists of a video streaming module, a face detection module, an eye recognition module, and a
robot control module. The camera streams video to detect the face in live mode. The video frames will then be analyzed to identify the eye and decide the eye's
location by interacting with the mobile robot to drive the robot forward, turn left, turn right, and stop. Machine learning is used to detect the face and identify the
eye to achieve better results using the face hallmark detector that implements the One Millisecond Face Alignment and the Regression Tree Ensemble. Several
studies carried out have shown that the concept of monitoring the motion of a wheelchair by eye-tracking is achievable.


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