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Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques

ISSN: 2155-9821

Open Access

Investigation and Reaction Kinetics Modeling of Biomass Formation

Abstract

Rebecca Faschian, Steven Minden and Ralf Portner*

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) like Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis are used in food industry as well as for production of bacteriocins and optically pure lactic acid. Fixed-bed processes are highly productive but mathematical description is often complex. The aim of this work was to establish a mathematica model for process design. Biomass formation, lactose consumption and lactate production during start-up of fixed-bed cultures with immobilized L. lactis was investigated experimentally and described by a reaction kinetics model. Appropriate modeling and simulation of fixed-bed processes require biomass data. Therefore, a low-volume multiple fixed-bed reactor system (Multiferm) was used to investigate biomass formation of a L. lactis strain during the start-up phase of fixed-bed cultivation. The generation of data in parallel experiments was fast and easily compared to larger single reactor systems. Biomass data obtained from both fractions, retained and free suspended biomass, was used for modeling and simulation, together with data for lactose and lactate. The underlying Luedeking-Piret-like model structure was developed based on the results from suspension cultivations with the same strain. The fixed-bed system was described as perfusion culture with cell retention. For this, merely four additional parameters had to be defined to extend the suspension model to fixed-bed cultures. Experimental trends and steady states of both biomass fractions besides substrate and product could be described very well. Thus, this model could be used for process layout during process development..

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