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Oral Health Case Reports

ISSN: 2471-8726

Open Access

History of Cavities-Overview

Abstract

Sri Lakshmi Ajit

Dental Caries commonly known as tooth decay is damage or erosion of tooth's surface or enamel by tooth decaying bacteria producing acids as their metabolic by product during the breakdown of sugars thus resulting in cavity development. This can lead to complication from pain to infection and even end up in tooth loss. In the year of 1926, GV Black gave us a prediction that with advancement in understanding of dental caries and its histopathology, Doctors would one day be able to, treat it before it could cause any serious damage to the tooth. Yet 95 years later even today, despite of all advancements we made in the understanding of dental caries, cases of dental caries are still increasing at alarming rate globally. Rate of dental carries development is increasing day by day among young children at an alarming rate due to improper maintenance of oral hygiene, at the same time medication-induced xerostomia is affecting the golden agers. Currently the mode of treatment administered is through dental drills alongside fluoride therapies, but this solution is proven not to be adequate enough as fluoride therapy does not improve the remineralization results and increasing the level and frequency of fluoride therapy isn’t effective in reduction of tooth decay. Therefore, it high time that we change our approach towards the disease and ensure to make necessary changes to our mode of treatment all together, shifting the focus from symptomatic treatment to roots of factors causing dental caries itself.

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