Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry

ISSN: 2380-2391

Open Access

Health Risk Assessment for Bangladesh is due to Arsenic Exposure from Consumption of Vegetables Grown with Natural Arsenic Contaminated Groundwater


Md Nazmul Islam, Basudev Kumar Das and Md Entazul Huque

In the context of increasing uses of Arsenic contaminated groundwater for irrigation in Bangladesh and observed health related problems, we evaluated potential health risk for Bangladesh is due to As exposure from consumption of vegetables. Eight vegetable plants (Amaranth, Arum, Carrot, Eggplant, Indian Spinach, Okra, Potato and Radish) were grown in open field and irrigated with natural As contaminated water (0.005-0.903 mg L-1) for 80-90 days. The average As concentrations in the vegetables, measured by GF-AAS, were 0.431, 0.719, 0.928, 1.574 and 2.287 mg kg-1 (ww.) corresponding to irrigation water As concentrations of 0.005 (control), 0.044, 0.103, 0.507 and 0.903 mg L-1 respectively. We established linear regression equation of fitted model for water-vegetable As concentration (n=54) relationship (r=0.767 and P<0.05). Statistical analyses with r value, P value of ANOVA table, Durbin-Watson Statistic and Lack-of-Fit test strongly validated the model. Merging British Geological Survey’s (BGS) groundwater datasets (n=3534) for Bangladesh to the model led to estimation of As concentrations in vegetables district-wise. We followed USEPA Guidelines for Exposure Assessment for evaluation of human health risk. Risk, defined as ‘Hazard Quotient’ (HQ), was mapped for three vulnerable population sub-groups: Highly Exposed Child, Average Person and Senior. The results showed that all the children (0-6 years) were at health risk, whereas 98% of seniors and 76% of average persons (i.e., adults) were safe in consuming vegetables. The eight administrative division-wise HQ values for average persons were as follows: Rangpur (0.760)pollutant parameters.


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