Journal of Genetics and Genomes

ISSN: 2684-4567

Open Access

Genotypic and Phenotypic Differenc of Malt Barley (Hordeum vulgare l.) Varieties for Yield, Yield Related Trait, North Eastern Ethiopia


Akalu Gebru* and Firew Mekbib

The objectives of this study were to assess the genetic variability of yield, yield related traits and to estimate direct, indirect effects of trait associations. Seventeen varieties were evaluated and subjected to the analysis of variance using RCB design, in Eastern Amhara Ethiopia. The varieties differed significantly for most of the characters and had wide range of mean values, which indicated the existence of variations among the tested varieties. Estimates of phenotypic coefficient of variance (PCV) and genotypic coefficient of variance (GCV) were generally low. The highest GCV and PCV values were recorded on grain yield (51) and plant height (60). The PCV values were slightly greater than the GCV values. Grain yield, plant height, protein content and grain size had relatively high heritability. Grain yield gives high heritability value accompanied by high genetic advance which is good indicator for selection. Grain yield had positively and significantly correlated with date of maturity. Grain yield negatively correlated with protein and positively associates with starch.


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