Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species

ISSN: 2332-2543

Open Access

Estimation of Species Area Abundance from Point Abundance Data, Using Effective Detection Areas from Camera Traps


Rademaker M*, Rode-Margono EJ and Weterings MJA

Estimations of species abundance are a common goal of wildlife monitoring surveys, but debate remains as to which methods are theoretically and practically most useful. Abundance-induced heterogeneity (AIH) models developed in the early 2000s allowed estimation of point abundance from repeated presence-absence data (e.g. occupancy models), and advanced estimation of point abundances of unmarked species. AIH models, however, do not provide an estimate of the effective detection area sampled. Therefore the absolute number of individuals in a survey area cannot be estimated directly. Recently, methods have become available to determine the effective detection area sampled by camera traps. Our objective was to present a novel method to estimate the absolute number of individuals of a species in an area from point abundance data using effective detection areas from camera traps. This would make AIH models available for population estimates. We applied this newly developed Species Area Abundance (SAA) model to a 3-month camera trapping data set of Bawean warty pigs (Sus blouchi) from Indonesia, and compared the result to an independent Random Encounter Model (REM) estimate from the same data. Population sizes and uncertainties estimated by the SAA and the REM model were comparable. Differences in density estimations between the REM and SAA model were not significant when mean group size was included in the REM. The less restrictive assumptions regarding camera trap placement of the SAA model compared to the REM might make it more practical to study cryptic and unmarked animal populations. Further studies are needed to determine the accuracy and practicality of the SAA model using a range of differrent sampling designs and focus species.


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