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Metabolomics:Open Access

ISSN: 2153-0769

Open Access

Development of a Specific Latex Agglutination Test to Detect Antibodies of Enterovirus 71

Abstract

Liu X, Qin B, He T, Chen J, Cao D and Xie W

A latex agglutination test (LAT) was developed for the rapid detection of antibodies against the VP1 or VP1 proteins of Enterovirus 71 (EV71). The proteins of interest, including prokaryotically expressed VP1 and two strains of anti-VP1 Monoclonal antibody (McAb) against EV71 were covalently linked to carboxylated latex using Ethyl-dimethyl-aminopropyl carbodiimide (EDC) to prepare sensitized latex beads. The LAT was evaluated by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as a reference test. The VP1-LAT showed a sensitivity of 87.0%, a specificity of 88.9%, and an agreement ratio of 90.0% in detecting VP1 in 100 serum samples from experimentally infected mice, while these values were 86.8%, 96.7%, and 93.3%, respectively, for 608 clinical human serum samples. The VP1-LAT has advantages over other assays in terms of low cost, rapidity, chemical stability, high sensitivity, repeatability, and specificity. The LAT established in the present study is a rapid and simple test suitable for field monitoring of antibodies against VP1-EV71.

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