Journal of Coronary Heart Diseases

Open Access

Chronic Complications of Arteriovenous Fistulas for Hemodialysis


Simpson Macleod

Arterio Venous Fistulas (AVFs) for Hemo Dialysis (HD) have significant difficulties. HD vascular access should be of sufficient quality to allow for repeated puncture and a high blood flow rate for high-efficiency dialysis with minimal problems. The dialysis crew must be well-versed in the operation of the AVF, and corrective interventions should be rare. The construction of an AVF produces conditions that allow blood to flow more freely through the veins. Fulfilling these requirements lessens the likelihood of turbulence and endothelium injury, which reduces the probability of stenosis


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