Journal of Tissue Science and Engineering

ISSN: 2157-7552

Open Access

Bioactive Collagen Membrane as a Carrier for Sustained Release of PDGF


Seiichi Yamano, Lin TY, Jisen Dai, Kathryn Fabella and Moursi AM

The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of a collagen membrane (CM) as a carrier to successfully deliver platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and to observe the subsequent effects of the factor on preosteoblasts in vitro. MC3T3-E1 mouse preosteoblasts were cultured with a commercially available CM containing PDGF. After a two-day cell culture, cell viability was investigated by the MTT assay and cell proliferation was assessed by the crystal violet proliferation assay. Expression levels of the following osteoblastic differentiation marker genes were measured by real-time PCR: runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteopontin (OPN), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and osteocalcin (OCN). A cell proliferation assay was conducted, and osteoblastogenesis was determined by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. A sustained release of PDGF from a CM was observed for ~3 weeks. Gene expression of all RUNX2, OPN, BSP, and OCN in CM with PDGF was significantly upregulated compared to those in CM without PDGF (all p < 0.05). Interestingly, CM without PDGF also significantly increased gene expression of RUNX2 and OPN in MC3T3-E1 cells compared to the cell control (both p < 0.05). Furthermore, it was observed that the PDGF released from CM significantly promoted ALP activity and cell proliferation with little cytotoxicity. These results suggest that a CM can be utilized for sustained delivery of PDGF. Also, released PDGF can promote MC3T3-E1 cell activities. This strategy may lead to an improvement in the current clinical treatment of bone defects in periodontal and implant therapy.


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