Ijeoma Okoronkwo, Salamatu Ishaku, Anthonia Chinweuba, Paulina Akpan-Idiok, Chika Ihudiebube and Chika Odira
Background: The shift from acute to chronic illness of HIV/AIDS requires a self-management model in which patients assume an active and informed role in healthcare decision. Promoting self-care management for people living with AIDS includes addressing complex issues such as keeping to treatment regimen, dietary pattern, physicalexercise and seeking for social support. This study provides baseline information about the self-care practices of people living with AIDS attending antiretroviral clinic of General Hospital Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the antiretroviral clinic of General Hospital Kafanchan, Kaduna between August and September, 2014. A sample size of 412 People living with AIDS was selected using systematicsampling technique. A structured pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data using four research assistants fromthe antiretroviral clinic who were trained on the purpose of the study, contents of the instrument and how to administerthe instrument on clinic days while maintaining objectivity and confidentiality. Data were analyzed descriptively using frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviation. All analyses were performed using SPSS version 20.0 at 95% confidence interval.
Results: Respondents described their dietary pattern as good. Majority (88%) kept to their clinic appointment and did not miss taking their drugs as prescribed. Respondents felt more at home seeking support from family members, health workers and significant others. Most of the respondents embarked on exercises such as walking, running and doing physical work.
Conclusion: Self-care management practice is critical for people living with AIDS. There is need for continuous counseling and closer monitoring of people living with AIDS by health care providers to enable them sustain their selfcare management. It is also suggested that physical exercise be included in their health education to promote health and wellbeing.PDF
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