Arts and Social Sciences Journal

ISSN: 2151-6200

Open Access

An Environmental Study of Azerbaijan in the Late Bronze-Early Iron Age Based on Archaeological Data


Khalilov T, Mirzaei M, Hamrahi H and Alizadeh N

What occurs in the Iron Age clearly testifies to man’s relief from the burden of finding solutions to the problems of food, housing and natural defenses. In this age, agriculture is carried out by the necessary tools and different irrigation systems. Finding various products becomes possible, and architecture according to the geographical conditions creates its own particular technical rules and requirements. This ere, spanning from 1500 BC to 500 BC, has been identified and explored based on environmental data and systematic excavations.The main feature of the Azerbaijan and its neighboring lands have created many concentration and dispersed areas due to their various species of fauna and flora identified through archaeological excavations, their climatic adaptability, their abundance in water resources and many other favorable environmental conditions. These geographical capacities are among the influential factors in the structure of the Iron Age. What is important is that by analyzing the data related to archaeobotany, zooarchaelogy, palynology and soil study and investigating the flora and fauna symbols on pottery surfaces and the manufactured equipment in the form of animals, it is possible to specify the climate of Azerbaijan in the North West of Iran during that era in Iran’s history. By examining and analyzing these samples, it can be said that in the Iron Age, Azerbaijan had a mild and favorable climate for people, animals and plants.


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