Journal of Trauma & Treatment

ISSN: 2167-1222

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 12, Issue 4 (2023)

    Review Article Pages: 1 - 2

    Neuroprotective Role of Polyphenols in Treating Neurodegenerative Disorders: A Comprehensive Review

    Claudia Dinza*

    DOI: 10.37421/2167-1222.2023.12.567

    This comprehensive review investigates the neuroprotective potential of polyphenols in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders. Polyphenols, natural compound abundantly present in plant-based foods, possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic properties. Through their ability to neutralize harmful free radicals, suppress neuroinflammation, and modulate cell survival pathways, polyphenols offer a promising avenue for mitigating neurodegenerative disease progression. This review critically analyzes existing literature, including preclinical studies and clinical trials, to provide a thorough understanding of the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of polyphenols. The findings underscore the significant therapeutic promise of polyphenols as a novel approach in combating neurodegenerative disorders.

    Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

    Cognitive Therapy and Surgical Menopause: Emotional Resilience

    Nicholas Fling* and Joe Sara

    DOI: 10.37421/2167-1222.2023.12.570

    Surgical menopause, induced by the removal of ovaries, can lead to significant emotional challenges. Cognitive therapy, a psychological intervention focusing on thought patterns and behaviour, offers potential benefits in enhancing emotional resilience during this transitional period. This review synthesizes relevant literature to assess the effectiveness of cognitive therapy in promoting emotional well-being, coping skills, and adaptation to the changes brought on by surgical menopause. The findings highlight the importance of cognitive therapy as a valuable tool in fostering emotional resilience and supporting women's mental health during this life phase.

    Review Article Pages: 1 - 3

    Enhancing Neurological Patient Outcomes through Sensory Replaced Functional Training

    Robert Laurie* and Martin Drake

    DOI: 10.37421/2167-1222.2023.12.571

    Neurological conditions often result in sensory deficits, impacting patients' functional abilities and overall quality of life. SRFT, an innovative therapeutic approach, aims to compensate for sensory impairments by using technology to replace or augment lost sensory input. By providing real-time feedback and stimulation, SRFT can facilitate neural plasticity and promote motor learning in neurological patients. This comprehensive review synthesizes existing literature on the effectiveness of SRFT in improving neurological patient outcomes, such as motor function, balance, and activities of daily living. The analysis highlights the positive impact of SRFT on neural reorganization and functional recovery, particularly in stroke, traumatic brain injury, and peripheral neuropathy patients. Furthermore, this abstract discusses the potential challenges and future directions for SRFT implementation, emphasizing the need for personalized and evidence-based approaches in clinical practice. Overall, the findings underscore the significance of SRFT as a promising adjunctive therapy for enhancing neurological patient outcomes and advancing neurorehabilitation strategies.

    Review Article Pages: 1 - 2

    A Comprehensive Review of Brain Injury in Children and its Impact on Trauma Treatment

    Karl D. Anthony and Marco Y. Zugasta*

    DOI: 10.37421/2167-1222.2023.12.574

    Brain injury in children is a critical medical concern that necessitates a comprehensive understanding of its implications on trauma treatment. This paper presents a systematic review of existing literature to examine the various facets of pediatric brain injury and its profound impact on patient care. Through an extensive analysis of studies, clinical cases, and emerging research, this review elucidates the diverse etiologies, mechanisms, and consequences of brain injury in children, ranging from mild concussions to severe traumatic brain injuries. Moreover, this paper explores the unique challenges faced by healthcare professionals in diagnosing and managing brain injuries in pediatric patients, with a focus on potential long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. By synthesizing current evidence, this review offers valuable insights into novel treatment modalities, multidisciplinary approaches, and rehabilitation strategies aimed at optimizing patient outcomes. Ultimately, this comprehensive analysis aims to enhance medical practices and promote more effective care for children with brain injuries in the context of trauma treatment.

    Volume 10, Issue 3 (2021)

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

      Psychological Trauma

      Kathleen Fedric

      According to the American Psychological Association (APA), trauma is “an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape, or natural disaster”. However, a person may experience traumaas a response to any event they find physically or emotionally threatening or harmful. A traumatized person can feel a range of emotions both immediately after the event and in the long term. They may feel overwhelmed, helpless, shocked, or have difficulty processing their experiences. Trauma can also cause physical symptoms. Trauma can have long-term effects on the person’s well-being. If symptoms persist and do not decrease in severity, it can indicate that
      the trauma has developed into a mental health disorder called posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

      Market Analysis Pages: 1 - 1

      Global Market Analysis of Stress Meet 2020

      Miley Hilton

      The Global Anxiety Disorders, Stress & Depression Treatment Market is forecast to reach USD 18.90 billion by 2026, according to a new report by reports and data. There has been a continued rise in the rate of anxiety disorders, stress & depression treatment in the global healthcare situation. Such a rise in the incidence rate of anxiety disorders, stress & depression treatment has resulted in focusing on the global healthcare scenario and reducing the incidence rate of such a mental healthcare condition. In the year 2019, more than 300 million individuals of all ages were suffering from depression in the global scenario. There have been 800,000 cases of suicides in the same year, the reasons behind which have been mostly anxiety disorders, stress & depression disorders. Such a rise in the incidence rate of depression and anxiety is one of the major factors driving the global anxiety disorders, stress & depression treatment market

      Market Analysis Pages: 1 - 1

      Cardiovascular Market

      Joseph Stephen Alpert

      The cardiovascular market is expected to register a CAGR of 6.3% during the forecast period (2019 - 2024). The increasing incidence of cardiovascular diseases and developing geriatric populace are the most considerable elements driving the growth of the cardiovascular devices market. According to the American College of Cardiology, cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounted for 800,000 deaths in the United States in 2017 alone. Among Americans, an average of one individual dies from cardiovascular disease, every 40 seconds. Coronary heart disease (CHD) accounts for the majority of CVD deaths, followed by means of stroke and heart failure. According to the European Heart Network, every year, cardiovascular disease (CVD) causes 3.9 million deaths in Europe and over 1.8 million deaths in the European Union (EU).

      Volume 10, Issue 4 (2021)

        Editorial Note Pages: 1 - 1

        Blunt Trauma

        Raue Cecilia

        Blunt Trauma, otherwise called non-infiltrating injury or obtuse power injury, alludes to injury of the body by strong effect, falls, or actual assault with a dull item. Infiltrating injury, conversely, includes an article or surface puncturing the skin, causing an open injury. Obtuse injury can be brought about by a blend of powers, including speed increase and deceleration (the increment and abatement in speed of a moving article), shearing (the slipping and extending of organs and tissue corresponding to one another), and pounding

        Editorial Note Pages: 1 - 1

        Craniocerebral Trauma

        Jgreber Peter

        Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) happens when an outside mechanical power brings about tissue and cell harm inside the cerebrum that may prompt lasting or brief hindrance of intellectual, physical, orpsychosocial capacities and a lessened or changed condition of awareness. There are two kinds of TBI: shut and entering. Shut TBI is a physical issue to the cerebrum brought about by development of the mind inside the skull. Causes may incorporate falls, an engine vehicle crash, or being hit by or with an item. Infiltrating TBI is a physical issue to the cerebrum brought about by an unfamiliar item entering the skull. Causes may incorporate gun wounds or being hit with a sharp item. The least complex type of TBI is blackout, which might be characterized as transient disability of neurologic capacity with or without loss of awareness happening at the hour of injury. About 75% of TBIs that happen every year are blackouts or different types of gentle TBI.

        Editorial Note Pages: 1 - 1

        Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

        Kathleen Fedric

        Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an emotional well-being condition that is set off by a frightening occasion-either encountering it or seeing it. Manifestations may incorporate flashbacks, bad dreams and serious uneasiness, just as wild musings about the occasion. The vast majority who go through horrible accidents may have brief trouble changing and adapting, however with time and great self-care, they generally improve. In the event that the indications deteriorate, keep going for quite a long time or even years, and meddle with your everyday working, you may have PTSD.

        Market Analysis Pages: 1 - 1

        Global Market Outlook of Stress and Mindfulness 2020 Miley

        Miley Hilton

        Stress Management Conference Committee is glad to announce “7th International Conference on Stress, Mindfulness, Meditation and Resilience” at Paris, France during October 21-22, 2020. European Neurosurgery 2020 conference will mainly focus on the theme: ‘Leading Techniques and Approaches towards Stress Management and its Prevent''.

        Market Analysis Pages: 1 - 1

        Neurology Industry Outlook

        Rodger A. Liddle

        According to WHO 2013, globally the disorder is prevalent in about 7 persons per 1,000 of the adult population ages 15–35 years. With reference to recent WHO report it is estimated that in 2022, the US will have the maximum number of diagnosed predominant cases of schizophrenia with 1,777,333 cases, followed by Japan with 454,961 diagnosed predominant cases, and Italy with 154,331 diagnosed predominant cases. In America currently, around 5.4 million are diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. The American Alzheimer’s Association projects that the number will triple to 16 million by the year 2050.

        Volume 10, Issue 5 (2021)

          Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

          Exploring and Healing Invisible Wounds: Perceptions of Trauma-Specific Treatment from Incarcerated Men and Women

          Julia Gajewski-Nemes, Nena Messina

          Despite the alarming rates at which justice-involved individuals experience trauma, there is great hesitancy to discuss and address trauma in prison-based programs for fear of re-traumatization and decompensation. Recently, a series of studies assessed the efficacy of brief trauma-specific interventions for incarcerated men and women (Exploring Trauma and Healing Trauma, respectively). The quantitative results of these pilot studies showed positive and consistent improvement in anger, aggression, and psychological well-being across multiple facilities, varying levels of custody, and models of delivery. The current study adds to this literature by examining the corresponding qualitative data collected through participant focus groups and written feedback. Post-program feedback surveys for over 1,000 women and over 800 men and focus group summaries from 21 women and 23 men were compiled and analyzed using deductive thematic analysis. Participants’ feedback of the brief, trauma-specific interventions was overwhelmingly positive. They commented on the program’s structure, content, and overarching benefits. Underlying themes included appreciation for the facilitators, the safety of small groups, the ability to discuss trauma without judgment, skills to address and control anger, gaining self-respect and empathy, and healing relationships childhood wounds. Final comments included requests for more availability and more intensive trauma-based programs. The qualitative findings centralize the participants’ subjective experiences of the program, providing a more in-depth exploration into the pilot studies outcome results. The findings further suggest that justice-involved men and women with histories of trauma and abuse can heal in a custody setting if the program content addresses such histories with safety and appropriate program materials.

          Editorial Note Pages: 1 - 2

          The Prevention of Sport Injury

          Jgreber Peter

          Exercise is useful for the body, and with appropriate
          safety measures, sports wounds can regularly be forestalled. The
          nature of defensive gear-cushioning, protective caps, shoes, mouth
          monitors-has assisted with improving wellbeing in sports. However,
          you can in any case be defenseless to injury. Continuously contact
          your medical care supplier prior to beginning any sort of active
          work, particularly fiery kinds of activities or sports.

          Editorial Note Pages: 1 - 1

          Editorial Note on Psychodrama

          Kathleen Fedric

          Psychodrama is an experiential methodology, regularly utilized
          in psychotherapy that coordinates pretending procedures,
          sensational establishment, and unconstrained act of
          spontaneity. Traditional psychodrama was grown almost 100
          years prior by Dr. Jacob Moreno, who additionally instituted
          the expressions "bunch treatment" and "gathering
          psychotherapy". Moreno's psychodrama risen up out of his initial
          work with kids, outsiders, displaced people, undermined ladies,
          detainees, and later seriously intellectually sick patients at his
          asylum in upstate New York. By 1952, more than two dozen
          Veteran's Administration Hospitals around the United States had
          coordinated Moreno's work into their projects.

          Editorial Note Pages: 1 - 1

          Editorial Note on Chest Trauma

          Jgreber Peter

          Trauma is the leading cause of death in India. Thoracic trauma is
          the third most common traumatic death, after head and spinal cord
          injury. The incidence of chest trauma is reported 10% of
          trauma admissions and mortality rate is variable ranging from about
          10% to 60%

          Market Analysis Pages: 1 - 1

          Mental Health 2021

          Wendy Austin

          World’s psychiatry & psychotherapy market research report can be
          used to help you: understand market size and growth potential; major
          companies; draft business plans and pitch books; and conduct
          benchmarking and SWOT analysis. Perform a range of services that
          typically fall under general or specialty. Accounting for about 74.0% of
          psychotherapy in the field provide services, such as preventive care,
          diagnosis and treatment planning, and procedures, such psychiatry,
          psychotherapies, psychotherapy sciences. Psychology, which includes
          Sleep research, Anxiety & Stress, psychiatry, psychotherapies and
          cognitive Pediatric neurosciences, makes up an estimated 16.0% of
          practicing psychotherapy.

          Volume 10, Issue 7 (2021)

            Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

            Epidemiological, Demographic Risk Factors and Complications of Traumatic Humeral Fractures among Patients in Baghdad

            Saman Mohammad Abdul Razaq

            Humeral fractures are among the most common fractures in the elderly and in adults. This study aimed to assess the epidemiological; risk factors and complications of traumatic humeral fracture among studied sample. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient clinics of public hospitals for the period from March to May 2021. The sample size was 178 participants. The sample was randomly selected. As well as demographic information was recorded and compared with the records. Continuous variables were reported by mean ± standard deviation; chi-square test was used for Univariate analysis and manova, mvreg for multivariate analysis. Out of one hundred and seventy eight of participants’ with humeral fracture, the mean age was 49.2 with SD 1.21 years. 55.06% were male cases and 44.94% were female; 48.02% of them had a junior school; 38.98% had a history of smoking and 21.91% of them had a history of alcohol consumption. 45.51% of them had overweight BMI. There is significant association has been found between the smoking history and humeral fracture complication with p. value less than 0.05. Our results indicated that the patients with age over 41 years had greater risk of humeral fracture than other groups (odds ratio OR=1.57; 95% CI 0.971 to 5.919). Unemployed Patients had greater risk of humeral fracture than those who has a job (OR=10.9; 95% CI 5.047 to 13.661). There are signification association has been found between age, occupation, BMI, VD supplements and smoking history with gender at the p-value less than 0.05. We need further research on this field to detect the morbidity and mortality among cases with traumatic humeral fracture complications.

            Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

            Epidemiological, Characteristics and Outcomes of Road Traffic Accident among Patients in Emergency Unit in Iraq

            Ahmed Abdulhasan Hussein Alogaili and Wisam Abdulridha Khullof

            Traffic accidents constitute about 85% of deaths, especially in developing countries. Traffic accidents have become a source of anxiety and terror among everyone, with an impact on human, technical and environmental factors. This study aimed to identify the epidemiological, characteristics and outcomes of Road Traffic accident among patients in emergency unit during the study period. A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted among 198471 patients with road traffic injuries were registered at 15 provinces on Iraq. The data reported to the present study were collected between January 2020 and December 2020. Data onto patients were recorded including cause and location of injury, frequency and type of injury (frequency of soft tissue injuries and bone fractures), as well as age and gender distribution. Males comprised 70.2% of the total fatalities, while females accounted for 29.8%. The age group of 15-44 years was the most vulnerable (54.71%) of the total cases followed by the age group 5-14 years (20.8%) and ≥ 45 years (16.6%). Majority of victims were unemployed (61.2%) and (65%) were married. Car accident constituted the large victim group of road traffic accident fatalities and injuries (32.9%), followed by motorcycle (25.7%). The official statistics revealed of the threat to minibus (16.1%) and lorry (15.3%). out of total number of 78201 cases (39.4%) that sustained head injury, Skull fractures were found in 44361 (22.4%) cases of head injury. Among other injuries, most commonly injured abdominal organ was (16.6%) followed by the upper extremity (16.2%). Conclusion in short, it has been shown in this study that male gender, young ages, and involvement of cars and drivers and pedestrians pose a higher risk, mortality, and morbidity. Our results may be useful for forensic pathologists and clinicians and for mechanical engineers who investigate new safety devices for vehicle occupants.

            Commentary Pages: 1 - 1

            Brain Haemorrhage: A Painful Death

            Brandy Mathews

            Bleeding within the brain, also called brain hemorrhage, could be a serious medical emergency. A brain bleed may occur in many ways as a result of head trauma, bleeding or a tumor from a vessel within the brain, also described as intracranial or intracerebral hemorrhages depending on where they occur. A brain bleed may result in severe complications like loss of consciousness, body weakness, seizures, and even death. When brain bleeds has been diagnosed quickly with imaging tests, one must get medical treatment as promptly as possible. Treatment is often aimed toward reducing the bleeding furthermore as cerebral edema (brain swelling). Surgical intervention is additionally necessary if a tumor or an aneurysm (blood vessel ballooning) is that the cause. 

            Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

            Traumatic Dental Injury

            Anne Lorusso

            Dental trauma is an injury related to the mouth also including teeth, lips, tongue, gums, jawbones and the most common dental trauma is a broken or lost tooth. Traumatic dental injuries mainly occur due to falls, sports injuries, and accidents, the majority of these injuries are minor. It is quite common to remove your tooth or unpick completely out, but the treatment for these kinds of injuries depends on the area, severity, and type of each injury. Sometimes, the adjoining teeth of an individual suffer an unnoticed and additional injury that can only be recognized by an intensive dental test. Dental experts who are treating traumatic dental injury, with their advanced methods and skills often can save harmed teeth. Dislodged primary teeth in children with a very rare case can be repositioned and the chipped primary teeth in children can be restored, but these knocked teeth will be replaced because it might further cause permanent damage to the underlying longlasting tooth which is growing inside the bone. Permanent teeth of a child which are not fully developed at the time of injury must need some special care and root canal treatment, but in some cases, not all of them should need root canal treatment. If any individual having a fractured tooth, either it can be repaired by reattaching the broken piece or by placing it with tooth-colored filling at that particular place.

            Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

            Facial Traumatic Injury: Symptoms, Causes and Types

            Alexander Patrick

            Facial trauma is a serious physical injury that affects the facial bones, tissue, and skin and it is also known as maxillofacial trauma and these types of injuries are not life-threatening injuries until and unless the situation becomes severe bleeding. Injuries to the face, teeth, jaws, and mouth may result in affecting oral function, breathing, vision, facial movement, and physical appearance. If these types of injuries are left without any treatment it may lead to permanent disfigurement or serious facial impairments like inability to talk, eat, or cannot breathe properly. Facial injuries can occur due to sports injuries, falls, acts of violence, or Road accidents, and they are often characterized by swelling, pain, numbness, or bruising in the surrounding tissue. A crooked cavity, sunken cheekbone, or misaligned teeth also can be indications of facial fractures or injuries. A facial fracture is a broken bone in the face such as Nasal bones, orbital bones, zygomas bones or cheekbones, frontal or forehead bones, upper jaw (Maxillary bones), and lower jaw (Mandible bones). Some other bones are found deeper within the facial structures and muscles require for chewing and swallowing are attached to these bones.

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