Nylon is a synthetic fiber made from petroleum products which was developed as an alternative to silk. Nylon is valued for its light weight, incredible tensile strength, durability, and resistance to damage. It also takes dye easily, making the fabric available in a wide array of colours for consumers. Nylon has conventionally been dyed by using Acid dyes on a major extent. In this study Nylon 6,6 was dyed with commercial di-chlorotriazinyl reactive dyes .using 100% nylon woven fabric was taken for this study. Nylon fabric GSM was 50 g/m2, EPI-20 and PPI-32. The pH was kept at 4 and the temperature was maintained at 98°C, this temperature was used in subsequent experiments. The blue reactive dyes and acid dyes are used for dyeing and it was concluded as good to excellent fastness to washing and rubbing. And light fastness was almost equal for both reactive dyed and acid dye. In acid and reactive dyes Blue MR had good colour variation,good colour strength.
Clothing, Textiles ,Chemicals ,Nonwoven ,Embroidery, Chemistry, Color Science, Dyes, Fashion Technology, Fiber, Material Sciences, Medical Textile, Polymer Sciences, Textile Design, Textile Industries, Textile Engineering, Textile Science, Fashion Design, Fiber Engineering, Textile Technology, Fibrous Materials, Fiber Innovation, Polymer Structure
Chemical treatment of cellulosic fabrics to alter the fibers properties without changing their fibrous form is a
common practice nowadays in the textile industry. In this paper cotton (woven and knitted) fabrics are selected and reacted with sodium hydroxide, morpholine, and cellulase enzyme. The fabrics are then dyed by some selected dyes such as annatto, onion, pomegranate, indigo, myrobalan, bar berry (natural dyes); and reactive and sulphur dyes (synthetic) respectively and subsequently finished. These fabrics are then analyzed for mechanical and surface properties from KES-F, and assessed by SEM and FTIR.
The need of (European) sustainable design codes is the conclusion about a design strategy, which does not frame sustainability in a luxury manner. The earlier definition of luxury during the baroque time specified: “luxury is the effort that exceeds all necessities.” This traditional term is located in an understanding of luxury faced to a design, dominated by material of high quality and in techniques; by high quality the craft ship possibilities. At the end of the 20th century, we felt the trends for more “respect” for high quality in design objects and at the same time, the sensibility for outrunning resources on our planet. Several publications are telling about new visions of a “new luxury as consequence for sustainable consume”. Today we are estimating more value regarding unique goods, of high quality, for cultural heritage and for traditionally based disciplines: The revaluing of traditional textile handcraft in combination with new techniques is very important to find new designs.
The question about sustainable and luxury design objects in the on-going 21st century is created by new
parameters of luxury: terms of “space”, “time”, “self-expressing by solving societies problems”, specify a new frame of Society’s demand on re-design.
The following design objects have great symbolic meanings in demonstrating the message of the designer - with the help of the way of designing, - the way of using materials for a second life, with-the way of expressing designattitude with powerful model names: “footprint”, “coatbrella”, “and cuttings”, “craftwork”.
The design code stand in relationship to the design method in rethinking old systems, combining old and new techniques and materials, old and new forms for a sustainable design code, which is communicating
The paper examines the process of achieving environmental sustainability through recycling of textile wastes. The recycling of textile waste can serve as a means of providing solutions to many economic, environmental and social issues. Though textile recycling has old history; in recent years it has assumed prime importance due to Fast Fashion culture in western world which has resulted in over consumption of textiles and corresponding waste generation. Today waste recycling has become a multibillion industry. Innovations are being made in terms of development of sorting machines, design inputs, innovative high value products to make recycling a profitable proposition. The paper also highlights in brief the efforts being made by various agencies and stake holders to achieve the aim of present 15% textile waste diversion rate to 75% diversion.